Testing, Testing, 1, 2, 3!
Testing, Testing, 1, 2, 3
Animal testing is a hot topic now days. Though it may not be well known, animal protection did not start until the 1800’s. The United State Department of Agricultural (USDA) issued a law in 1966 to protect certain animals against animal cruelty and neglect. This law does not protect rodents, reptiles, and/or birds. While these animals are being tested on, no matter how painful the procedure is, the scientist does not have to give them pain relief (medication) of any sort. Animals are used for many different things such as; to test make up, medications, and many other human products. Using an animal as a test subject, and not giving them pain relief, is the same thing as starving or beating an animal. It is illegal to torture animals, punishable by law if caught torturing or purposefully neglecting ANY animal, but it is perfectly legal for scientist to use animals as test subjects and not give them any kind of medications to relieve the pain they have to endure. The law that the USDA passed should declare all animals/species will receive the appropriate form of medication in the instance that the test being preformed is harmful to the animal.
In 1821 a man named Richard Martin introduced a bill that was meant to protect cattle and horses. The bill did not take effect until the following year but it was intended to prevent the cruel and improper treatment of cattle and horses. Martin’s Bill was significant because it was the first bill to regulate how people should be treating animals. Martin’s act was also the first time anyone ever tried to abolish animal cruelty. Not long after the Richard Martin Bill was passed did other states start to catch on, for example according to “Animal Rights” by Jennifer A. Hurley, “in 1829 New York State went to such measures as to forbid the malicious killing, maiming, or wounding of horses, oxen, cattle, and sheep.” (10) In 1824 the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) was founded. The sole purpose of the SPCA was to make animal cruelty punishable by law. The SPCA was intended to inform society on the cruel things animals were forced to endure, such as horses being beaten with pitchforks or a stray dog being hung from a tree and kicked to death. It may be hard to believe but these kinds of incidences happened all the time before the Richard Martin act came to be. The SPCA received so much attention that royalty was even involved. According to Hurley, “In 1840 Queen Victoria granted the society permission to add the prefix “Royal” to its name, which made the SPCA the RSPCA—a respectable, even fashionable, cause.” With support from royalty and a determination to stop animal cruelty, the RSPCA worked rigorously to enforce the anticruelty status. The RSPCA employed their own private police force to investigate suspicions of animal cruelty, and collect any evidence for prosecutions. As a result of the RSPCA, Martins act was eventually expanded to ban all types of animal fighting. Many people don’t realize that there is a significant difference between animal rights and animal welfare. Animal welfare advocates argue for stronger laws preventing animal cruelty whereas animal’s rights advocates oppose ANY and ALL human “use” of animals including rodeos, zoos, hunting, and scientific experimentations. Thought the two are very different, often times they both work together for a common goal, urging reform. As the RSPCA continued their rigorous efforts to stop animal cruelty, something much more serious was going on. Animals were becoming a popular candidate for medical experiments and research. By the 1860s most of Europe was using animals for experimentation, this practice is also known as vivisection. Amongst the medical field, using animals for experimentations was thought of as a brilliant idea, but to the general public it...
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