3 sociological perspectives

Topics: Sociology, Social class, Marxism Pages: 5 (2009 words) Published: April 28, 2014

In our society today, there are three theoretical perspectives that act as ways to view our lives. Symbolic Interactionism , Functional Analysis, and Conflict Theory. All of which are centered around the people they derived from who are : George Herbert Mead, Charles Horton Cooley, Robert Merton and Karl Marx. With these theories being a major part of sociology, the research that is collected to study the people in these societies should be looked at as a whole ,for, sociology comes in many forms.

Symbolic Interactionism is the idea that one puts meaning to something. We attach our selves to names of certain people or things . Symbols are used to describe the relationships that we have with one another. Without symbolic Interactionism there would be no names to associate with people like a sister or brother . This also includes a teacher , an associate or a co-worker, These people may have names but they have a certain name that categorizes them into where they are related to you and how you should act towards them. Our actions towards people depend on the symbols we associate society with such as how you treat a boss compared to a sibling. Without this type of perspective there would be no way to socialize things such as the government which would mean that the most common things that are used in everyday life wouldn't be here. This theory is used describe things that are untouchable such as love, marriage or being a parent . It all goes back to how you rationalize these relationships with the meaning you put to it . The love a child has a different meaning than the love you feel with a husband or wife. Certain factors determine the relationship one has has with a person or thing. Regardless of somethings' meaning or significance, everyone and everything has a symbol attached to it and this is how our society keeps sense of themselves and the world around them.this theory states that relations between people are always going to be mutual meaning that ones actions are going to lead to a reaction from that person. Humans create their own symbols in which we attach our thoughts to, giving way to the sociological perspective of how we react and treat others in our lives.

The people behind Symbolic Interactionism are George Herbert Mead and Charles Horton Cooley. The believed that society functioned upon symbols and the idea that the meaning of a symbol changed the way society reacted to it . Anything that we attached to a meaning would influence society as a whole. One could look at someone like their brother and the other could look at them as their lover; those being two completely different scenarios on how that husband or brother is treated by certain people. They believe that each person or thing has their own role as a symbol In society and this has to do with the label that all things apply to. A dog, and priest, or the idea of love; they all mean something to society and this is how Mead and Cooley developed the idea of this theory.

Functional analysis is the root of all the theoretical perspectives and this simply means that there are branches and parts that are all connected in order to functional properly. Just as in a workplace where all workers have a specific ujob that make the company work smoothly, society calls for similar tactics. Each part of society is connected as a whole and works together to work towards a goal. A college has professors who teach the students and the end result is that they will get the education. That education that will take them to a job that will require them to use the skills they learned to help make the company run effectively. Every part of society has a role that inevitably makes the world go round. When this function is not applied, production in all aspects is halted or disturbed. In a family if the working parts of this family are disrupted such as the father not being able to pay bills or the mother not taking care of the children, the cooperation of that...
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