1970’s In America
A rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. Stock market loses 40% in an 18-month time period.
Rise in unemployment.
1970’s stock market is a disaster.
Inflation rate in the U.S. reached its 20th century highest. 2. Watergate
Occurred June 17th, 1972.
Nixon had nothing to do with the actual burglary.
Situation led him to resign in August of 1974.
Bob Woodard and Carl Bernstein played a major role in uncovering the scandal. Nixon tried to cover up for the burglars.
3. Nixon Resigns
The whole Watergate Scandal caused him to resign.
Resigned August 9th, 1974.
Stated, "I hope that I will have hastened the start of the process of healing which is so desperately needed in America." First president to resign.
Resigned to avoid getting impeached.
4. Vietnam War Ends
After a lot of negotiations and the bombing of North Vietnam, peace treaty was signed in January 1973. The treaty signed was Paris Peace Accords.
U.S. forces were completely withdrawn.
War did not end until April 1975.
58,282 American soldiers lost their lives and another 303,644 Americans were wounded. 5. John Emil List
Fugitive convicted of murder.
Killed his wife, mother, and three children in their home in Westfield, New Jersey on November 9th, 1971. Disappeared for 18 years.
Was caught on June 1st, 1989 after being put on America’s Most Wanted. Died of pneumonia while in prison in 2008.
6. Roe v. Wade-1973
Issue on abortion.
Decision legalized abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. Decision written by Justice Harry Blackmun.
Based on two cases, that of an unmarried woman from Texas and a married mother of three from Georgia. 7. Jimmy Carter
Awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2002.
First U.S. president to be born in a hospital.
Served in the US Navy, 1946-1953.
The only president in U.S. history to serve a full term as president, but never get to nominate a judge for the U.S. Supreme Court. 8. Charles Manson
An American criminal and musician who led what became known as the Manson Family. Found guilty of conspiracy to commit the murders of Sharon Tate and Leno and Rosemary LaBianca carried out by members of his group at his instruction. Believed in “Helter Skelter”.
In May 2007 Manson was denied parole for the 11th time.
Never actually found guilty of committing the murders himself. 9. Kent State- May 4, 1970
Known as Kent State massacre.
Involved the shooting of unarmed college students by the Ohio National Guard. Guardsmen fired 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds.
Killed four students and wounding nine others.
A student suffered permanent paralysis.
10. Earth Day- April 22, 1970
First celebrated April 22, 1970.
Founded by Gaylord Nelson, a senator from Wisconsin.
More than 20 million Americans participated in the first Earth Day celebration. Legislation on environmental issues was missing.
11. Equal Rights Amendment Fails
Designed to guarantee equal rights for women.
Known as ERA.
In 1972, it passed both houses of Congress and went to the state legislatures for confirmation. Failed to receive the required number of approvals before the final deadline mandated by Congress of June 30, 1982. It was not adopted, mainly because Phyllis Schlafly convinced others s to oppose the ERA. 12. Gerald Ford
Pardoned Nixon for the Watergate Scandal.
Born Leslie Lynch King Jr.
Served as president from 1974-1977.
Became the first and to date only person to have served as both Vice President and President of the United States without being elected. Was a part of the Warren Commission.
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.
Began to gain influence and steeply raised oil prices during the 1973 Oil Crisis in response to US aid to Israel during the Yom Kippur War. Lasted until March 1974.
Formed at a time when the international oil market was largely separate from centrally...
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