1. What does Charles Cooley mean by the term “looking-glass” self? * Cooley term “looking-glass” mean that we describe the process by which our identity develops. We develop three stages: We imagine how we appear to others around us, we draw general conclusions based on the reactions of others, and based on our evaluations of others’ reactions, and we develop our sense of personal identity. 2. Describe Goffman’s back stage and front stage behavior. Give an example of “back stage” behavior that you do. * Goffman’s front stage behavior mean simply pretend to have a role that we do not. Back stage behavior is you around you buddies. My back stage behavior is joking around my friends but I also do it with my family I know my limits and I know which family members to do it around. 3. Describe the difference between the achieved status and the ascribed status. * Achieved status is a status that we attain through talent, ability, effort, or other unique personal characteristics. * Ascribed status is a status that we receive involuntarily, without regard to our unique talents, skills, or accomplishments. * Achieved status is more common achieved at high school or college graduate; being rich or poor; belonging to a church or club. While ascribed status are based on genetics or physiology for instance, our place of birth, parents, first language, ethnic background, gender, sexual identity, and age. 4. Give an example of people who have overcome their ascribed status and made great achievements. * Tyler Perry, Little Rock Nine, Martin Luther King Jr., Jessie Robinson 5. What is the difference between role stain and role conflict? * Role stain is when the same role has demands and expectations that contradict each other, so we cannot possibly meet them all at once. * Role conflict happens when we try to play different roles with extremely different or contradictory rules at the same time. 6. What are the four stages one must go through before making a role exit? Why is this so difficult for many people? * The four stages one must go through in voluntarily exiting are: doubt, search for alternatives, departure, and new role. Sometimes people leave their roles voluntarily and sometimes involuntarily. When they leave it voluntarily they change their way of living and involuntarily the change age as of maturity or immaturity. Whether leaving voluntarily or involuntarily we are likely to feel lose, confused, and sad. 7. What is the difference between an “in-group” and an “out-group?” * An in-group is a group I feel positively toward and to which I actually belong. * An out-group is to one which I don’t belong and do not feel positively toward. * People may feel competitive or hostile toward members of an out-group. 8. What is a clique? Were there ones at your school? How did they make outsiders feel? * Cliques are organized around inclusion and exclusion- and who has the power to enforce it. * At my school we did not have cliques I am from a small country everybody got along with everybody. 9. Describe “diffusion of responsibility.” If you are in trouble, will you get more help if there are a few people with you or if you are in a crowd of people? * Diffusion of responsibility is often told as “just following orders” this dynamic leads to the problem of bystanders: those who witness something wrong, harmful, dangerous, or illegal, yet do not intervene. * If I were in trouble depending on the circumstances and situation I believe few people will help, not because of our relationship just because people are scared to step up and take actions nowadays. For instances, my place of employment is not the best but I embrace what I do. If it hurt or harm me in any type of way I will speak up, but I cannot get others to so I’m left at a no win situation. I just pray for better days to come to my job and MAY GOD BLESS THEM! Do don’t want to get spiritual on you, but that just my role dealing with society. 10. What happens if one drops out of a “social network” for a period of time? * I will be talking about myself with this answer. I have Facebook and twitter page. Facebook and twitter can provide support in times of stress or illness. Some people use the social network to stay in contact with their lost friends that move away or classmates. However, your social network is how you use it and what type of friends you have. Being absent from the social network is a help for me. I have over 2,000 friends on Facebook and 211 followers on twitter. I really don’t get on twitter but I post status on Facebook just about every other day. I post status on how God has been good to me and give somebody so encourage words for the day.