U07A1 Compare and Contrast Two Family Therapy Theories

Topics: Family therapy, Murray Bowen, Family Pages: 11 (3714 words) Published: June 2, 2013
Comparison of Bowen's and narrative therapy.

u07a1 Compare and Contrast Two Family Therapy Theories
Kimberly R. Britton
Capella University

u07a1 Compare and Contrast Two Family Therapy Theories
Choose two family systems therapy theories that you are interested in learning more about and applying to the family subsystem you analyzed in the Unit 5 assignment. Write a paper in which you describe the central concepts, goals, and typical interventions of each model, using scholarly sources (journal articles, books, or edited book chapters) to support your writing. Your paper must use a minimum of three scholarly, peer-reviewed sources for each model. Once you have described the main tenets of both models, compare and contrast the two models' similarities and differences. Consider such aspects as the role of the therapist, beliefs about problems and change, the types of interventions used, central concerns of each model, and so on. Evaluate how each model would look when applied to your chosen family subsystem. Consider how each model would describe the family subsystem, and whether its goals and interventions would fit well with the family's needs. Your paper should be around 8–10 pages with a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources for each model. You will use this information in your project for this course. The learner reviewed the movie “The Parenthood”, the Buckham family encountered many dysfunctional issues within the familial systems for which Kimberly must provide interventions. The learner will take into consideration usage of two family systems of theory as an interventional approach within the subsystem; Bowenian therapy and Narrative theories will be reviewed for usage with the family. In an attempt to strengthen the family’s ability to deal with stressful events and situations the learner will take into consideration the central concepts, goals, and typical interventions of each model as well as contrasts, beliefs and therapists roles.

According to the article, Bowens Family System’s theory in practice: Illustration and Critique by Jenn Penny (1999), Bowen’s family therapy is one of the first comprehensive theories and continues to be a central theory utilized in North America (Penny, 1999).

In 1959 Bowen shifted from the individual to the family system across multi-generations. Bowen encouraged working with aspects of generations and intergenerational aspects of the subsystem (Penny, 1999).

Central Concepts
The concept of the Bowenian theory holds that people are conceptualized as the outcome of a revolution; each in the family system moves forward to a dimension of differentiation through multigenerational transmission of each generation (Penny, 1999). Bowens therapy conceptualizes each and every process common to human nature and with each successive generation a downward range of events will take place until all familial dysfunction, emotional attachments and cutoffs that have taken place are successfully terminated, focusing on change from the inside out (Penny, 1999). According to the article by Jenny Brown, Bowen’s theory outlines 8 interconnecting concepts to include: 1) Emotional fusion and differentiation of self 2) Triangles 3) Nuclear Family Emotional system 4) Family projection process 5) Emotional cutoff 6) Multigenerational transmission process 7) Sibling positions and 8) Societal emotional process (Brown, 1999, p. 95-97) Concepts of the Narrative Therapy center around separating the person from the problem. The theory seeks to encourage others to identify and rely upon their own skills to minimize issues in their life (Shapiro & Ross, 2002). Types of Interventions

Bowen views therapy in three broad stages.
1. Stage one aims to reduce clients' anxiety about the symptom by encouraging them to learn how the symptom is part of their pattern of relating (Penny, 1999 p. 101). 2. Stage two...

References: Brown, J. (1999). Bowen Family Systems Theory and Practice: Illustration and Critique. A.N.Z.J. Fam. Ther, 20:2, 94-103. Retrieved from http://www.anzjft.com/pages/articles/78.pdf
Caracciola, J.M., & Grazer, B. Producers), Howard, R., & Von Huene, W. (Directors). (1989). Parenthood [Motion picture]. United States: Universal Studios
Epston, D. (2004). From empathy to ethnography: the origin of therapeutic co-research. 29The International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work, 2, 29-36. Retrieved from http://dulwichcentre.com.au/narrative-therapy-and-research.pdf
Freedman, J. & Combs, G., Narrative therapy: The social construction of preferred realities, chapter 1. New York: Norton.
Narrative Therapy. (May 18, 2013). In Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 26, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narrative_therapy
Penny, J. (1999). Bowen Family Systems Theory and Practice: Illustration and Critique. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy (ANZJFT), 20:2, 94-103. Retrieved from http://www.familysystemstraining.com/papers/bowen-illustration-and-critique.html
Rabstejnik, C. V. (n.d.). Family systems and Murray Bowen Theory. Human and Organizational Understanding and Development, 1-10. Retrieved from http://www.houd.info/bowenTheory.pdf
Shapiro, J., & Ross, V. (2002, February). Applications of Narrative Theory and Therapy to the Practice of Family Medicine. Family Medicine, 34:2, 96-100. Retrieved from http://www.stfm.org/fmhub/fm2002/feb02/sa.pdf
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