Preparation of Laboratory Reports
(Short Report / Long Report)
Student Name Group Members
School of Engineering Taylor’s University Malaysia 26 April 2010
Date of Experiment: Report due date: Report submission date: Checked by: Item/marks Format/10 Abstract and Introduction/10 Figures and Diagrams/15 Materials and Method/10 Results Discussions/45 References/10 Total
Table of Contents
ABSTRACT 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN 2.1 Materials 2.1 Methods 2.2 Procedure 3.0 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 3.1 Suitable sub-title related to the experiment 3.2 Suitable sub-title related to the experiment 4.0 ERROR ANALYSIS 5.0 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS REFERENCES APPENDIX 8 9 10 11 3 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6
This manual is intended to provide the general instructions for preparing a laboratory report. It can be used as a template for writing the report with Word 6.0 or later version. For other document-editors, use the guidelines provided in this manual. The major aim of the abstract is to provide a concise summary of the entire report and present upfront the major conclusions derived from the experimental investigations. It is advisable to create the abstract after writing the final draft of the report.
The major goal of a laboratory report is to record a factual and accurate account of an experimental investigation. This document serves as a template for creating such a report using Microsoft Word 6.0 or later. It is important for the laboratory report to be (i) Concise (ii) Objective (iii) Technical and (iv) Accurate. Preparation of a laboratory report involves a continuous iterative process of collecting data and performing analysis on the measurements. The process may be further divided into four phases: (a) Pre-Lab – Where students prepare for the lab by collecting some basic information needed for In-Lab – When students collect and organize data from the observations made during the lab Post-Lab – The phase in which the measured data is analyzed and aggregated into graphs, charts and tables and (d) Lab-Check – Final phase where the lab report is compiled and the conclusions from the experiments are derived. The introduction section of the laboratory report must clearly state the objective of the experiment and provide the reader with all the necessary background. It should concisely provide the scientific theory behind the experiment and equip the reader with the basic background needed to understand the experiments discussed in the laboratory report. The margins should be 2.5cm (top), 2.5 cm (bottom), 3.0 cm (left), and 2.5 (right), respectively . All the equations, including the chemical equations, in the entire laboratory report, must be presented in following line and they must be centred and sequentially numbered.
the experiments (b) (c)
2.0 EXPERIMENT DESIGN
The laboratory report must capture all the information necessary to repeat the experiments in the future. It is, therefore, important to record an accurate description of the experiment design including the apparatus used, methods for gathering data and control procedure followed during the experiment.
2.1. Materials Present the experiment setup with appropriate level of details. Illustrations may be used wherever necessary to clearly depict the apparatus used for the experiments. It is advisable to use past tense and consistent voice (either active or passive) throughout the entire report.
Figure 1. General Structure of a Laboratory Report 2.2 Methods Describe the methods used to collect the data from the experiment. Make a note of the standard errors, in order to capture the accuracy of the collected data points. Clearly explain the procedure needed to calibrate the measurements. Any deviations from the standard methods should be clearly mentioned in the report. The major objective here is to clearly explain how the data was collected and understand the limitations of the collected data....
References: also give credit to the person who did the work and provide the work with authority.  Lakshmanan Singaram, “Preparation of Laboratory Reports”, Taylor’s University College, 2007. APPENDIX (Optional) Present any additional information regarding the report in a separate appendix section. This allows the reader to avoid having to understand the complete details before obtaining an overview of the experiment. This section can contain any raw data and tabulations, which support the argument made in the report but are not necessary for the core objectives. Include pictures detailing the experimental setup, tools used, etc.
SUBMISSION OF LONG AND SHORT LABORATORY REPORTS During a particular semester, a student must submit 1 long report for the laboratory experiment performed during Weeks 8 and 9, and short reports for all the other laboratory experiments performed during the remaining Weeks for that semester. A student who has missed the experiment in Week 8 can perform in Week 9 and submit the long report. All the students should specify on the cover page just below the title whether it is a short report or a long report. Short report should be between 6-7 pages maximum. Long report should be between 10-12 pages maximum. Deadline for submission is a maximum of 1 week for short report and 2 weeks for long report. The penalty for late submission of each lab report will be -5%.
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