Sophomore English Exam Study Guide

Topics: Character, Tennessee Williams, The Merchant of Venice Pages: 7 (1766 words) Published: September 21, 2014
Review for Final English Exam

I. Introductory Material

1. Merchant of Venice- By: William Shakespeare
Setting- Italy (Venice and Belmont) 16th Century, 1500s
Social Problem- Hatred between Christians and Jews
Protagonist- Antonio (For Comedy); Shylock (For Tragedy)
Antagonist- Shylock (For Comedy); Antonio (For Tragedy)
Characteristics of Comedy
1. Young lovers struggling to overcome obstacles
2. Mistaken Identity
3. Clever plot twist with multiple plot lines
4. Puns
5. Stock Characters
6. Happy Ending
Jews were not considered citizens
They had no rights in Venice, including the right to vote or own property Usury- the practice of lending money and charging interest
During this time, it was illegal to charge high rates of interest Poses conflict
Immoral, looked down upon by Christians
Comic Hero- he/she must have a minimal level of personal charm or worth of character in order to win the audiences approval Comedy- a rise in fortune of the comic hero

2. The Glass Menagerie- By: Tennessee Williams
Setting- After the Great Depression, before World War II; 1937 in St. Louis, Missouri The Way Tennessee Williams broke away from straight realistic staging: 1. Had his major character also be the narrator (Tom Wingfield) 2. Encorporated a screen device into his plays to emphasize important details and actions on stage 3. Removed props

4. Use of lighting
Problem with memory play: Details could be omitted or left out; biased, exaggerated details Symbolism- a person, place, or object that has its own meaning but can suggest other meanings as well Genre- Tragedy

3. Death of a Salesman- By: Arthur Miller
Genre- Tragedy
Setting- Late 1940’s; Brooklyn- Present; Boston- Flashback Tense- Past and Present
Protagonist- Willy or Biff Loman
Antagonist- Willy or Biff Loman
American Dream- an antagonist dream
This play attacks the materialistic aspect of the American Dream He believes the American Dream is bigger than materialistic things Going up against the achievement of wealth and success without integrity Background information is given through flashback

Flashback- action that interrupts to show an event that happened in an earlier time which is necessary for understanding Expressionism- when an artist distorts reality to create an emotional effect Parental Dillusions- parents who have high expectations set for their children

4. A Streetcar Named Desire- By: Tennessee Williams
Genre- Tragedy
Setting- New Orleans, Louisiana; 1930s
Protagonist-Blanche DuBois
2 Conflicts
1. Blanche Vs. Self
2. Blanche Vs. Stanley

II. Short Answer

The Glass Menagerie
Techniques to break away from straight realistic staging
1. He had his major character also be the narrator (Tom Wingfield) 2. Encorporated a screen device into his plays to emphasize important details and actions on stage Key words he would want the audience to recognize

3. Removed props
Distracting; Allows to concentrate more on character plot
4. Use of lighting
Dimmed the lights; Low and hazy; Memory play

Tennessee Williams used 4 different techniques to break away from straight realistic staging and make his pays different than others. First, he made his main character in the play also be the narrator. In The Glass Menagerie, Tom Wingfield is both the main character and the narrator because it is his memory and told from his point of view. Also, he eliminated the use of props in some scenes. Williams believed props were a distraction and taking them away would help the audience focus on character development and plot. Tennessee Williams also used a screen device. The screen device displayed several words he would want the audience to recognize to guide them to think or feel a certain way. Lastly, he dimmed the lighting to create a hazy look. This lighting effect would help the audience remember the play was from memory.

Death of a Salesman
Techniques to distinguish past from present/reality from illusion 1. Stage...
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