Semester One: Final Exam Study Guide
What was the Magna Carta? How did it influence American leaders when they were writing the Constitution? The Magna Carta required British royalty to obey the same laws as other English people. It showed that is was important to limit the powers of the government. The Magna Carta was also an early attempt at self government in the English colonies and it rested the authority of governments on covenants, or sacred agreements. What is the Mayflower Compact? What is its significance? The Mayflower Compact rested the authority of governments on covenants, or sacred agreements. The Magna Carta is significant because it was an early attempt at self government in the English colonies. What is the English Bill of Rights? How does it influence our Constitution? What is the English Bill of Rights? The English Bill of Rights reduced the power of the English monarch. It influenced the writers of the U.S Constitution to separate powers and observe rights of the individual What is the Great Awakening? What influence did this movement have on the political and social life of the colonists? The Great Awakening was a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730s and 1740. It changed colonial religion, and affected social and political life. Sermons about spiritual equality of all people led some colonists to begin demanding more political equality which set the stage for the American Revolution and it unified various groups of Americans who shared evangelical beliefs. How did King George III of England react to the colonists’ Declaration of Rights and Olive Branch Petition? King George III refused to consider the Declaration of Rights. Instead British colonial leaders ordered their troops to prepare to seize the colonial militias' weapons. King George refused to read the Olive Branch petition and and looked for new ways to punish the colonies. This proved that Britain would not listen to reason. Who was Thomas Paine and what was his opinion of who should make the laws of a nation? Thomas Paine wrote the book Common Sense - a pamphlet that urged separation from Great Britain. He thought that citizens, not kings and queens, should make laws. He also felt that people had a natural right to govern themselves. Why was the phrase “taxation without representation” so important to the revolutionary cause? The ideas of Otis and Adams were summed up in the slogan "No Taxation without Representation." Many people believed that Great Britain had no right to tax the colonies at all without their consent. Colonists did not wish to support a government in which they had no voice. What was Thomas Jefferson’s Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom? How did it differ from previous ideas held by the government? It was a document that declared no person could be forced to attend a particular church or be required to pay for a church with tax money. Jefferson felt that the government had no right to control religious choice. Jefferson preferred giving more power to the states, he thought no central government was needed. What was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787? How did it influence both education and slavery in new territories? The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 made education a basic right by providing public education for all citizens. It also established a standard for slavery in future territories of the U.S. How did the Declaration of Independence influence the writing of the Articles of Confederation? The Declaration condemned the power of the British king over the colonies, which was reflected in the creation of a limited government in the Articles. What were the Articles of Confederation? Where did it place most of the power to govern?The Article of Confederation established the first national government of the U.S. The Articles of Confederation placed most of its power to the states. What was the most significant weakness of the Articles of Confederation? The most significant weakness...
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