Exam 3 Study Guide
How do psychologists define intelligence, and how do various theories of intelligence differ? •
How is intelligence measured and how are intelligence tests constructed? •
What is intellectual disability and what are its causes? •
What defines giftedness, and does being intellectually gifted guarantee success in life? •
What is the influence of heredity and environment on the development of intelligence? •
How is language defined, and what are its different elements and structure? •
How does one interpret IQ scores?
Does language influence the way people think, and are animals capable of learning language? •
What evidence is there for the reliability and validity of IQ tests •
What are some ways to improve thinking?
How are IQ tests used clinically?
How are IQ tests important for the death penalty?
How do psychologists define motivation, and what are the key elements of the early instinct and drive-reduction approaches to motivation? •
What are the characteristics of the three types of needs? •
What are the key elements of the arousal and incentive approaches to motivation? •
How do Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and self-determination theories explain motivation? •
How various motivation theories fit together
How does Daniel Pink conceptualize motivation
What happens in the body to cause hunger, and how do social factors influence a person’s experience of hunger? •
What are some problems in eating behavior, and how are they affected by biology and culture? •
What are the three elements of emotion?
What are the BIS and BAS systems
What is the structure of emotional experience and expression. •
What does the Needs Assessment Questionnaire measure?
What is a Duchenne smile
How can the study of expression be applied to lie detection? •
Know the natural kinds, circumplex and evaluative space models of emotion. •
What are the approach and avoidance systems? How does one measure them? •
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