OPERATING SYSTEM FUNDAMENTALS
This section explains the various operating systems available today and identifies major personal computer operating systems. Although Microsoft Windows is the dominant operating system in the personal computer market today, there are other operating systems that can run on various desktops and laptop. These operating systems vary in their popularity, system requirements and features.
3.1 Microsoft Windows
Microsoft window is the single most popular and widely deployed operating system on both desktop computers and server systems in the world today. The various versions of windows all feature a graphical user interface, support for a wide range of applications and devices, a minimum of 32 bit processing, native networking support, and a large suit of built in applications and accessories such as Internet Explorer, Web Browser. Windows currently come preinstalled on many personal computers sold commercially.
3.2 Microsoft Windows Versions
Microsoft windows come in several different versions and revision levels for use on both personal computers and network servers. The most recent client version of Windows is Windows 8; the most recent mobile client version is Windows Phone 8; the most recent server version is Windows Server 2012.
3.3.1 Windows 8
The latest version of the Windows operating system and was released on October 26, 2012. •
Windows 8 -Windows 8 succeeds Windows 7 Home Premium but is simply called "Windows 8" •
Windows 8 Pro -Windows 8 Pro succeeds Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate and is targeted towards enthusiasts and business users; it includes all the features of Windows 8. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain. Windows Media Center functionality will be available only for Windows 8 Pro, as a paid "Media Pack." •
Windows 8 Enterprise - Windows 8 Enterprise provides all the features in Windows 8, Pro, with additional features to assist with IT organization. This edition will only be available to Software Assurance customers. •
Windows RT - Windows RT will only be available pre-installed on ARM-based devices such as tablet PCs, and was named for the Windows Runtime (WinRT) development platform that Microsoft is introducing in Windows 8. It will include touch-optimized desktop versions of the basic set of Office 2013 applications to users—Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote, and support device encryption capabilities. Several business-focused features such as Group Policy and domain support are not included.
3.3.2 Windows 7
It was built for or home use, business desktops, and portable computers. •
Windows 7 Starter A variant for developing countries in which the Aero theme is not included, nor 64-bit compatibility. This edition is to be available pre-installed on computers through system integrators or computer manufacturers. •
Windows 7 Home Basic Windows 7 Home Basic is available in emerging markets such as Brazil, People's Republic of China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, and Thailand. It will not be available in countries such as Australia, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, New Zealand, the United States, or the United Kingdom. Some Aero options are excluded along with several new features. •
Windows 7 Home Premium This edition contains features aimed at the home market segment, such as Windows Media Center, Windows Aero and touch-screen controls. •
Windows 7 Professional This edition is targeted toward enthusiasts and small business users. It includes all the features of Windows 7 Home Premium, and adds the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, location aware printing, Encrypting File System, Presentation Mode and Windows XP Mode. •
Windows 7 Enterprise (Microsoft Windows NT 6.1.7600) This...
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