Midterm 1 Study Guide

Topics: Sociology, Anthropology, Cultural anthropology Pages: 8 (1454 words) Published: October 15, 2013
ANTH 1: Introduction to Socio-cultural Anthropology (Fall 2013) MIDTERM I REVIEW

Part I Identifications: The exam will have 10 concepts from the list below. You will select 5 concepts only from the list of 10 and provide the following information: a) a definition (4 points); b) identify the source of the term from class—specific reference to syllabus topic, lecture, reading or film (2 points); and c) state why the concept is important to anthropology (2 points) [5 concepts x 8 points each = 40 points] empathetic

Part II Essays: You will write two essays. There will be specific prompts that ask you to synthesize what you have learned about (for example) anthropology as a discipline, its history, how it has changed, key individuals, key ideas and concepts; and draw from the key reading Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco. [2 essays x 30 points each = 60 points]

Nacirema
Definition: a satire on anthropological paper; based on behaviors and rituals of US citizens Source: readings
Importance to Anth: allows readers to understand how degrees of perception matter for ethnographers

Anthropology
Definition: study of human beings through space and time
Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: allows people to understand what it means to be human from an interdisciplinary standpoint

British social anthropology v. American cultural anthropology Definition: British emphasizes structural and functional parts of society; American emphasizes four subfields Source: Lecture
Importance to Anth: It allows our field to be multifaceted

Socio-cultural anthropology
Definition: merges british anthropology with American cultural Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: it allows our field to be multifacted

Four fields of American anthropology
Definition: Linguistic, cultural, physical and Archaeology
Source: Lecture
Importance to Anth: it is what defines American cultural anthropology

Armchair anthropologists
Definition: based much of their reason from indirect sources and information Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: lack of empirical evidence encouraged other anths to direct fieldwork

Society
Definition: social grouping characterizing humans and social animals Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: allows anth to study different aspects of society which are so central to humans

Social Structure
Definition: pattern of social relationships that characterize a society Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: social structures reveal dynamics in a society

Social Institutions
Definition: structures or social orders that govern the behavior of individuals in society Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: it’s the rules that a society abides by

Ethnocentrism
Definition: belief in superiority of ones ethnic group
Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: something you want to avoid when doing fieldwork

Emic vs. Etic perspective
Definition: emic is my pespective, insider; etic is the outsider perspective Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: allows for an insiders or outsiders perspective of a culture

First Contact
Definition: a film about Australians going to papua new guinea Source: film
Importance to Anth: shows how one culture can be altered by another

Anthropology straddles the Social Sciences and Humanities Disciplines Definition: we’re about humanities, but is also tied to biological part of humans Source: lecture/syllabus topic
Importance to Anth: shows that our discipline is multifaceted

Holistic approach
Definition: complex whole of society
Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: the way to approach new cultures

Alfred Kroeber
Definition: us anthropologists that wrote a 5 step process about the nature of culture Source: lecture
Importance to Anth: how do cultures appear in society

Culture (characteristics of)
Definition: learned, superorganic, integrated, ideational, adaptive, embedded Source: lecture/syllabus topic
Importance to Anth: how do cultures appear in society...
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