Review Sheet/ Test 2/ History 1310
Note: This exam covers all the material from the beginning of the French and Indian War through the end of the Washington administration. Students should be aware that they are responsible for lecture material and information brought in from outside sources will not be given credit. Likewise, the Power Points are outlines—and just that. So make sure you have a handle on all we covered in lecture. Second: I often have far more people miss exam 2, than exam 1. It is easy to reason that you can take a make-up in four weeks and decide to put this off until then. That is a really bad idea. If you are healthy and can take the exam do so. OK. You do not need to know anything about the several imperial wars before the French and Indian War. Likewise, the French and Indian War and the Seven Years War –are the same war. We will use the former title. How and where did the French and Indian War begin (you need to be specific about geography—what was at stake). What were the French and English settlers fighting over and why? The slide mentions Pennsylvania---you need to be more specific. The French and Indian War was the 4th major war between France and England that started in North America and spread to Europe. This was a world war that started in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. The French and English settlers were fighting over Ohio Valley and Virginians decide this is a problem. Dinwiddie then sends Washington on a mission, which is a failure. General Edward Braddock arrived in America, who marched on Fort Duquesne with his troops. Englishmen knew nothing about fighting in the woods in North America, which led to a series of British defeats and loss of forts. No one declared war until 1756. I am not asking about Washington’s two missions to the French I am not asking about the alliances of the Seven Years War
When William Pitt took charge of the war he established a priority—because it was a global conflict—and a strategy (his plan to win). What was his main priority in the war and how did he plan to win—and what was the cost of winning? William Pitt becomes the prim minister and his plan to win the war was that you win wars at a time and who is willing to go to the deepest in debt. And how long you are willing to stick with it, Pitt really emphasized it and spent a lot of money for US. He saw North America as the chief leader in war, he sends huge force of over 20,000 regulars to America France has 6000, and it takes hundreds of ships to send men to America. The British won by sheer number and control of the Atlantic. What was the main result of the Treaty of Paris of 1783?
They expelled French from North America and this was a watershed year because they thought French threat is gone and England is deeply in debt. Although colonists didn’t suffer from war debt, the population in England (who gained nothing from the war) was burdened with heavy taxation. The colonists were the biggest winners, no other common person in England gained nothing but taxes and misery, only burdened them. British had to put troops in Canada to keep French controlled and troops on trade routs to regulate the trades. What did Grenville hope the colonists would pay for after the war and what plan did he have to get them to pay taxes? What was the Sugar Act, how did it change the sugar tax, and how was the law to be enforced? After the war, British put troops in Canada to keep French controlled and troops on trade routes to regulate the trades. British never asked colonists to pay taxes on the war debt; they only wanted them to pay for this single expense of the troops stationed. Word spread mainly by mouth, which caused a lot of rumors and angry colonists about having to pay taxes. Grenville’s plan isn’t to make them pay new, more expensive taxes; it is to enforce taxes that already exist. The Sugar Act was implemented in order to stop colonists from smuggling sugar and cut the tax in half so that they would be more...
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