Construction Project and Procurement:
A historic overview on the development of building procurement systems in the UK from post war period (1945) present day. The points in evolution a split into 4 phases;
Phase 1 1945 – 1972:
The period before the World War 2 selective tendering methods were being used more prolifically, the Simon report 1944 (ministry of works 1944) strongly recommends the use of selective tendering. After the end of the 2nd World War there was an increase in the building industry, this resulted in using procurement methods such as open competitive tendering despite the report in 1944. In the 1950’s the Phillip’s report reiterated the recommendation in the use of selective tendering and explained the need for co-operation from all parties in the construction process (HMSO 1950). However by this time new procurement systems such as negotiated tenders and design and build had come about. Through the 1960’s to the 1970’s the need for co-operation between the industry and its professions was further expressed in the Emmerson report 1962 and Banwell 1964, they also reiterated in this period the recommendations of the Simon report 1944 and the use for selective tendering. Over all from the end of the war to the 1970’s this was a time of uninterrupted economic growth in which construction procurement in terms of conventional methods prevailed, only where few unconventional methods where being used on smaller projects, Despite a number of reports in the period recommending the adoption of more co-operative approaches from members of the project team.
Phase 2 1973 – 1980:
Phase 2 was a period of recession and instability, which was a result due to large price increase of crude oil from other countries, Post the 2nd World War after the economic boom this was lead due to high inflation rates. A number of case studies during the 1970 had brought to attention the use of non-conventional procurement methods. The wood report 1975...
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