Artifical Sweetner-Biology Table

Topics: Cell, Eukaryote, Organelle Pages: 2 (369 words) Published: October 14, 2013
Artificial Sweeteners
1.Artificial sweeteners are a sugar substance that is a food additive that duplicates the effect of sugar taste, usually with less food energy. 2.No, it is possible that these artificial sweeteners can change the way we taste food, over stimulation of sugar receptors from frequent use of these hyper-intense sweeteners may limit tolerance for more complex tastes. 3.No, food processors should be allowed to put them in food because they do not give much energy. Also, food labels can say there is zero grams of sugar but there actually could contain a low amount of artificial sweeteners. 4.They are very pervasive, artificial sweeteners are in many foods we eat, even though we may not realize it. Many people try to get on a diet and eat well, but surprisingly many foods. These foods are cereal (like Fiber One), yogurt (like Dannon’s Light and Fit), light or diet beverages (like Ocean Spray on the Go, Crystal Light flavor packs, and "light" juice such as Minute Maid Light Orange Juice Beverage) and in snack bars (like Quaker's Chewy 25% Less Sugar Granola Bars).

Type of artificial sweetenerHow much sweeter than sugar?Calories per gramOther names?Brand vs. Generic Cyclamate30 times 16Cyclamate, Sodium, CyclanGeneric

Aspartame160-220 times4Equal, Nutra SweetBrand
Saccharine200-700 times0Necta Sweet, Sugar twin, Sweet N’ LowBrand Sucralose600 times0SplendaBrand
Stevia 250-300 times0Purevia, Sun Crystals, Truvia Brand Inulin 250 times4FructansBrand

Eukaryotic CellProkaryotic Cell
Number of chromosomes:More than oneOne--but not true chromosome: Plasmids Cell Type:Multi-cellularUnicellular
Examples of cell:Animals and PlantsBacteria and Archaea
Lysosomes Present in animal cellsAbsent
Endoplasmic reticulum:PresentAbsent
DNA wrapping on proteins:YesNo
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