AP CH 1 Study Guide

Topics: Blood, Human anatomy, Liver Pages: 8 (1869 words) Published: December 2, 2013
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Chapter 1-Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

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1) List some difficulties a student may experience when studying the human body. Some difficulties a student may experience when studying the human body are learning the medical terminology, memorization of all the parts of the body, body systems and how they function. 2) List the ways people learn.

The different ways people learn include visually, through reading/writing, by hearing/listening, or by doing things hands on. There are also people who are multimodal, which means they learn using a combination of these things. 3) List several aids for remembering information.

Aids for remembering information could include making and using flash cards, using mnemonic devices, or by taking notes/making diagrams. 4) What are some strategies you will use to be successful in this class?

Read all of the required chapters, take notes, participate and complete all assignments, and I will also probably make flash cards to help learn terminology and different systems.

5) Time management is especially important in this class. When will you schedule to work on your reading, assignments and labs each week? (Try not to wait until the end of the week when assignments will be due) I will read in the mornings before work, and then after work I will skim over the chapter again and complete the assignments. I plan on doing this at the beginning of the week so I am not cutting it to close to the due date and to leave time for circumstances that could prevent me from getting things done in my scheduled time. ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 1 – Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

1) What factors probably stimulated an early interest in the human body? People were probably concerned about injury/illness, aches/pains, bleeding, and why their bodies reacted the ways that they did to things. 2) What kinds of activities helped promote the development of modern medical science?

The idea that humans could understand forces that caused natural events helped develop modern medical science. For example, when trying to help the sick, early doctors started to learn more about the human body and how to examine and treat illness and they learned how certain herbs and potions affected body functions and healed common ailments such as cough or headache.

3) How did human health change as lifestyle changed?

Human health changed as the lifestyle changed from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to an agricultural, urbanized lifestyle. This is because before agriculture and urbanization, people were more isolated and had little contact with each other so disease did not spread as easy, and people ate wild plants that contained the chemicals needed to fight against parasites. Also, with agriculture and urbanization came pinworms, tapeworms, and hookworms from the excrement used for fertilizer, people relied less on wild plants for natural drugs, more infections and disease, malnutrition, and people became less active and altered their diets.

4) Why is it difficult to separate the topics of anatomy and physiology? It is difficult to separate the topics of anatomy (the form and organization of body parts) and physiology (how body parts function) because anatomical structures make their functions possible. 5) List several examples that illustrate how the structure of a body part makes possible its function. - The arrangement of the bones and muscle in the hand make grasping possible. - The hearts walls contract and propel blood out of its chambers and into vessels, and the heart valves keep blood moving throughout the body - The shape of the mouth enables it to receive food and the shape of teeth makes it possible to break down solid food into pieces. - The muscular tongue and cheeks are constructed in a way that helps mix food particles with saliva and prepare them for swallowing. 6) How does the human...
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