This Boys Life

Topics: Obesity, Alzheimer's disease, Mental disorder Pages: 9 (3610 words) Published: October 23, 2014

NHPA and key features Reason for selection Direct costs Indirect costs Intangible costs Determinants that act as risk factors Related health program Cardiovascular health
-Health of the heart and blood vessels
-CVD: hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease -Caused by atherosclerosis -Leading cause of premature death -May decrease LE
-Preventable
-Cost health care system approx.
$6 billion -Transport: Ambulance (heart attack)
-Medications( NCBPBS) to lower heart rate or cholesterol
-Surgery, doctors, specialist (NCBM) bypass surgery, nutritionist, regular GP checkups -Rehab after heart attack
-Health promotion program targeting CVD (exercise in the park) -Changes to living conditions: limited mobility, modification to home -Social and financial changes: help for domestic duties
-Lost productivity: lack of mobilitycan’t work
-Cost of assistance: around the house
-Gov + social security payments: Not working, disability payments Pain and suffering: chest pains of the heart Mental health: ‘CVD often ends in death’ anxiety and stress Lifestyle change: misses social activities, rehab, family may assist in care Anxiety + stress: family may experience grief Biological:

Obesity/overweight: greater strain on heart cholesterol + hypertension Age: advancing agemetabolism slows, difficult to maintain weight + heart loses efficiency Gender: males ab fat increased rates of CVD

Behavioural:
Tobacco smoking: Increases BP plaque build-up atherosclerosis Excessive alcohol consumption: Alot of kilojoules in alcohol Not burned overweight CVDInsufficient physical activity: unused energy stored as fat overweight CVD Social:

Socioec status: lowenergy dense diet overweight CVD Transport: Passive transport used (car, train)burn less energy obesity, CVD Food security: Can’t afford/access appropriate food processedweight gain Swap it, don’t stop it: -Federal Gov. program

Aim: Raise awareness of healthy behaviour, how significant health gains come from small routine changes -Target audience: parents, older adults
Raise awareness through:
ADS:
Ads on different media, culturally appropriate for IA
WEBSITE:contains resources and info, bio and behavioural risk factors -different languages used
PROGRAM:
12 weeks, fill in own swapping strategies
Gives advice
APP:
Reminders, track progress
Advice
Obesity:
When an individual has excess amounts of body fat, particularly around the abdomen area BMI>30
Waist circumference:
F: >89 cm
M: >102cm
-Australians are eating more and exercising less
-approx. 7.6% of BoD
-By 2025, 1/3 adults may be obese
-Proportion of obese adults doubled during 1989- 2009
-Weight management plans (from nutritionist)
-Medication (BP meds)
-Surgery, doctors, specialist NCBM-Has become the focus of many health promotion programs -Cost of obesity was approx. $873 million in 2005 -Carers: employing assistance to carry out daily activities no longer possible -Productivity loss: $3.6 billion in lost work

-Welfare and government payments: not working, disability payments -Allowance for carers: Salary to perform tasks for the disabled -Mental health: appearance may bring low confidence and low self-esteem -Sleep: sleep apnoea, greater prevalence in obese

-Not being able to exercise: reduced fitness
-Lack of energy: everyday tasks are difficult
-Emotional: grief/stress by family/friends for new arrangements (living, transport...) -Lack or participation: lack of energy, no social participation. Biological: Overweight: More likely to continue bad behaviour associated with initial weigh gain Age: advancing agemetabolism slows, difficult to maintain weight Genetics: predisposition to obesity or associated conditions Behavioural:

Lack of physical activity: less energy burnedweight gain risk Energy dense diet: Diet high in saturated fat, sugar, carbs energy not expended weight gain Social:
Food security: Can’t afford/access...
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