Understanding decision making is crucial, the one can be in wonder; why the successful intelligent managers who genuinely and seriously want to make the right decision, so often make the wrong one and may cause disastrous consequences?
This essay will illustrate why the ideal decision-making process is unrealistic through mentioning the classical rational model and the approaches that deviate from this model such as groupthink and behavioral perspective with suitable examples.
Rational Decision making process critique
Decision-making is the act or process of choosing one course of action from among several alternatives. Decision-making is the process of sufficiently reducing uncertainty and doubt about alternatives to allow a reasonable choice to be made along with them. This definition stresses the information gathering function of decision-making. It should be noted here that uncertainty is reduced rather than eliminated. Very few decisions are made with absolute certainty because complete knowledge about all the alternatives is seldom possible. Thus, every decision involves a certain amount of risk.
The classical rational model is attributing to the kind of rational thinking logical and methodical steps, which mirror the perfect way to be the suitable stages of an efficient process.
Rational model criticized from different commentators that it has lots of limitations. According to the rational model of decision making it follows a certain steps: define the problem,