sociology: juvenile delinquency

Topics: Criminology, Juvenile delinquency, Sociology Pages: 3 (481 words) Published: May 1, 2014
Status offenses – crimes because of that individuals status (ex: underage drinking, running away) Deviance – behaviors that go against social norms (doesn’t have to be right or wrong) ex: being a vegetarian Crimes – behaviors that have laws against them

Crime and delinquency is a type of deviance
Informal control – ex parents
Formal controls – police, school


Over 90% of juveniles commit delinquency (ex: smoking, drinking, sexual activity) mostly minor offenses Serious delinquencies are relatively small
“Age Out” of crime
Official records, victim surveys, self report surveys
Official records – uniform crime report, tracks juvenile crimes as well UCR – 2 types of offenses ,
Part one (Type A) - murder, robbery, rape, aggravated assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft Part two (type B) –
UCR is looking at solving issues but in general its best not only to utilize these records because many crimes are not reported - better to use victim surveys (may or may not reported the crime) makes for great data self report surveys – done for adults and youth (have you ever committed a crime) (they can lie) typically they give these surveys in school

the idea of juvenile delinquency is socially constructed
3 historical development –
1st development of childhood separate than adulthood
2nd development – parens patriae – (translation - parent of the country) idea of having the best interest of the child (job to take child if parents neglect children) 3rd development – development of positivist criminology – the world

Prostitution and Run Away – females more likely to commit these crimes than males Overall, males commit more crimes than females
Chiveraly hypothesis – females treated less harsh
But now change in tide – may go into flip side

4 Main components of theories
1. State what it is what they want to explain
2. what they believe to believe the cause of delinquency...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Juvenile Delinquency
  • Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Essay
  • Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Essay
  • Juvenile Delinquency and Threat of Punishment Essay
  • Theories of Juvenile Delinquency: Why Young Individuals Commit Crimes? Essay
  • Juvenile Deliquency Essay
  • Preventing juvenile Delinquency Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free