The Sociological Perspective
The sociological perspective mainly shows specific event and surroundings that influences peoples lives. The base the word of sociology is social which deals with how people interact with others and other groups. Sociologists look at social locations that people are involved with because of where they are in society. Some things that are looked at by sociologists include jobs, income, race-ethnicity, education, gender, etc. Biography and history are important in sociology. History was further studied by C. Wright Mills who said that every society is in the middle of a large amount of events that occur. An example would be the roles of women and men. Mills explained biography as the experiences that occur in historical event. This means that this will give humans instincts for what to do after a certain event in their life occurs. There is internal (instincts) and external mechanism (motivation and thinking). Globalization is also important in sociology. Due to technology with phones and computers, we can easily see how other people across the planet interact with others not only in their communities but with others. Global networking is a great part of finding out who we are and how we portray ourselves. 2.
Sociology emerged in the middle 1800s in Europe mainly because of the industrial revolution that was starting to surface and many people were migrating to cities to find work and to better their lives. What they came to realize was that the cities treated the workers with low pay, long hours and dangerous working conditions and the social lives of people had become much different than before the migration to the cities. The scientific method was starting to become important to trying to answer questions of social life. This started the further study of sociology. August Comte was first to suggest that the scientific method should be applied to sociology that produced the positivism process. He began to study the bases of social order. His main goal was to apply the scientific method to the study of society. Herbert Spencer is called the second founder of sociology and disagreed with Comte. He coined the term the “survival of the fittest”. In summary Spencer’s theory was that the society’s most capable and intelligent members (“the fittest”) survive, and the less capable individuals die out. Although Charles Darwin was more known than Spencer, Darwin got credit for the social Darwinism. Karl Marx thought that human misery was found in class conflict. The exploitation of workers stems from those who are owners of businesses. Marx thought that those individuals needed to be overthrown (he called them capitalists) by the workers being taken advantage of (he called them the proletariat). Marx didn’t view himself as a socialist however; sociologists were intrigued and raised conflicts from his beliefs. Emile Durkheim attended University of Boreaux where he received the world’s first academic appointment in sociology. His second goal was to show how social forces affect people’s behavior. Durkheim showed a comparison of the suicide rates of several counties that showed that the suicides were resulting from an underlying factor. He showed that people are more likely to commit suicide if they had ties to others in their community that were weak. This discovery played a large role of social integration in social life. This remains relevant to sociology today. Max Weber was labeled as a functionalist. He first discovered the root was where capitalism arises (changes in religion brought about capitalism). Weber used cross-cultural and historical approach to detect how social groups affects ones orientations to life. 3.
It is quite clear that women appear to be absent from playing a role in sociology. Women were thought to only play a role of a wife as well as a mother. Women were expected to only focus on church, cooking, children and clothes. If women tried to do anything but the 4 C’s listed,...
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