Organisational Culture Essay Example

Powerful Essays
In the study of management of organisations, the culture of organisation has become a vital theme in this field. This essay examines why organisational culture is considered as one of the most important factors to organisational success by explain three viewpoints. First is how organisational culture improves the effectiveness of the organisation. Second, organisational culture can be a source of competitive advantage. Third, organisational culture has influence on organisational creativity and innovation. This essay also suggests how managers should manage organisational culture. Due to the debate on stances of organisational culture, whether organisational culture can be managed depends on which stance managers take. In general, organisational culture can be managed, but managers need to highly monitor with this challenge task. Due to the little consensus on the definition of culture, it is difficult to give a exactly notion to define what organisational culture is. In this essay, organisational culture is defined as a set of values, norms, beliefs, standard behaviour and common assumption and expectation shared by members within the organisation that dominate the way in which an organisation operates its business (Barney, 1986).

Culture is one of the most valuable things an organisation has. A right organisational culture can increases effectiveness of the organisation and leads the organisation to success (McShane Olekalns& Travaglione, 2010). Organisational culture conceived as shared norms, practices, beliefs and principles of conduct potentially improves the organisation’s effectiveness by fulfilling three key functions (Bailey, 1995). First, it strengthens social control system. Organisational culture is an embedded form of social control system that influences individuals’ behaviour and decisions. Organisational culture has pervasive effects and operates unconsciously. Organisational culture directing employees to make sure their behaviours are

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Organisational Cultur

    • 1684 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Culture is an essential and omnipresent aspect of our lives. We may or may not be aware of it, but most of our day-to-day actions are based on the culture(s) we are a part of. Because of the importance of culture, in the last few decades, businesses of all sizes have taken a keen interest in understanding and using corporate culture to enhance their companies. In this essay, we will look at two articles on the subject of organizational culture; “The Management of Organizational Culture” by Lesley Willcoxson and Bruce Millet and “Issues in Understanding and Changing Culture” by Ralph H. Kilmann, Mary J. Saxton and Roy Serpa, and the similarities and differences between the ideas and theories presented.…

    • 1684 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    An evaluation of the extent to which organisational culture can be managed must first be given a groundwork definition of ‘culture’ from which management efforts to change this phenomenon can be assessed. A major issue that academics and practitioners alike have faced is this definitional problem. There are a wide range of definitions that can be applied, and in many cases the definition utilised is paired with a most suitable methodology according to the researcher (Burrell and Morgan 1979, Ogbonna 1990 and Smircich 1983). These disagreements on the nature and scope of organisational culture have contributed strongly to the inconclusiveness of research conducted on the subject (Harris and Ogbonna 2000, Lim 1995).…

    • 3488 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    According to Schein (2004) the core concept of organisational culture is developing an atmosphere and the procedures are created to ensure that employees are properly managed. Glendon and Stanton elaborate the that visible expression of an organisation is considered as a climate (2000, p. 198 ). By investigating in more depth, it is evident in the past literature, "Organisational culture is an outline of collective fundamental conjectures that the individuals together collectively discover a way that is valid to overcome problems of external adaption as well internal integration, and the validity is a reason that fresh employees are being told that this is the right way to feel, think, and perceive in association to those problems" (Schein 1992, p. 12). Lundberg (1990) explains the key attributes of the organisational culture: a framework that is designed on the common and shared beliefs, interests, perceptions, and values that individuals not only embrace and governs. It is set of rules and principles that not only make the organisation unique but define the organisational behavior or a common psychology driven from the set of rules (p. 19). Therefore, it can be said that organisational culture are the set of norms, beliefs, and patterns that serves the purpose of the organisation 's existence. The organisational culture is visible at all three levels of the organisation.…

    • 3239 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Better Essays

    From the 1980s there was a great number of discussions of organisational culture as a "source of fresh air" and antidote to attributes of organisational life that merely focus on easily measurable variables. On symposium presented in 1988 at the Academy of Management Conference in Anaheim, California, culture was said to be ‘an important concept that needs long-term attention as it is creates a frame for work being done within organisations'. Healthy organisational culture is vied as ‘a key to improved morale, loyalty, harmony, productivity, and – ultimately - profitability.' (Bate 1994).…

    • 2339 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    All companies have a culture. In order for employees to function and succeed, it is essential they understand and believe in the culture. Organization’s culture can be defined as “A pattern of basic assumptions that the group has invented, discovered, or developed in learning to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration” more precisely it can be said that organization’s culture is pattern of shared values, norms, and practices that help distinguish one organization from another. An organization culture represents the shared sense of the way we do things around here, a critical factor in guiding day to day behavior and shaping a…

    • 1008 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Ebay Culture

    • 1363 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Many articles and books have been written in recent years about culture in organizations, usually referred to as "Corporate Culture." The dictionary defines culture as "the act of developing intellectual and moral faculties, especially through education. This paper will use a slightly different definition of culture: "the moral, social, and behavioral norms of an organization based on the beliefs, attitudes, and priorities of its internal community. Every organization has its own unique culture or value set. The culture of the organization is typically created unconsciously, based on the values of the top management or the founders of an organization.…

    • 1363 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    Organizational culture can be related to how an organization organizes itself based on its rules and beliefs; therefore, culture gives an organization an identity. The behavioral patterns of an organization are represented in their norms; according to Kratschmer (2011, p.2), organizational culture includes values that are shared among the members of an organization. Needless to say, organizational culture can be changed. Kratschmer (2011, p.3) adds that, organizational culture can be changed and lead to success, only if well managed. In addition, resistance to change is…

    • 1875 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Organization culture is defined as a system of shared meaning held by members that distinguish the organization from other organizations. It develops to help organizations cope with its environment. Strong culture provides stability to an organization. The culture of an organization consists of the shared norms, values, and believes of members.. By establishing a strong culture, leaders can indirectly influence the attitudes and behaviors of members (Schein 1992) But it is not for every organization. For some organizations it is a major barrier to change.. Many managers have failed in implementing a new strategy for a new vision for the company due to poor analysis of the organizational culture…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Leadership and Org Culture

    • 1457 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Culture permeates all aspects of any society. It acts as the basic fabric that binds people together. Culture dictates tastes in music, clothes, and even the political and philosophical views of a group of people. Culture is not only shared, but it is deep and stable. However, culture does not exist simply as a societal phenomenon. Organizations, both large and small, adhere to a culture. Organizational culture determines how an organization operates and how its members frame events both inside and outside the organization. This paper explores the basic concepts of organizational culture. It describes what organizational culture is, its importance, how it is formed, various types of organizational cultures that exist and the role of leaders in influencing the organization culture.…

    • 1457 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    After completing the Career Interest Profiler, Competencies, and Work Culture Preferences activities I have a better understanding in how I will fit in and how my strengthens can help me be successful in my desired field of study. The Career Interest Profiler activity has determined a good career match would be; a credit analyst, auditor, risk management specialist, and an accountant. Possible degree options that would better fit these potential careers are Bachelor’s of Science in accounting, in business with a concentration in finance, and a Bachelor’s in Science in business with a concentration in global management just to name a few. The competencies activities have revealed my strengths are in Delivering Results, Following Instructions, Coping with Pressure, Organizing, Taking initiative, and finally adhering to Values. The Work Culture Preference activity has determined that my ideal work environment would have a very high work load, be a fast moving, demand goals and expectations of high performance, have career advancement, high salaries with rapid promotions and other benefits, career development, and the chance to learn new skills, career would be secure and stable, the company would focus on employment welfare, and have lots of personal development and feedback. A couple possible employers based, on my strengthens determined by the competence activity in relation to the job market research tool are McGladery, PriceWaterHouseCoopers, and Ernst & Young. McGladery, McGladrey LLP is the largest U.S. provider of assurance, tax and consulting services focused on the middle market, with nearly 6,500 professionals and associates in more than 75 offices nationwide. McGladrey is a licensed CPA firm.(www.mcgladery.com/about/about).PriceWatersHouseCoopers, PwC focuses on audit and assurance, tax and consulting services. Additionally, in the US, PwC concentrates on 16 key industries…

    • 409 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Organisation Culture

    • 3584 Words
    • 15 Pages

    2. How can leader or founder help create strong culture in an organisation? Can a leader eliminate culture? Explain.…

    • 3584 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Mgt 321 Mjb

    • 5667 Words
    • 23 Pages

    Every organization holds its own exceptional culture. Some organizations are known for their flexible and fast approach and some are known for their steady evolution, longevity and their dependable values. It is important to understand organizational culture because everything that goes on in an organization is based on it such as decision making, procedure that would be implemented in that organization and result that is expected from the organization. Through the culture of organization, its organization personality can be reveled and judge.…

    • 5667 Words
    • 23 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Organizational culture is defined as collective behavior that consists of artifacts, exposed values and basic assumptions (Schein 1997). From this definition, three levels of organizational culture are derived. The first level is artifacts or tangible elements to the organization which comprises of the architecture, technology, products, furniture, style, dress code and language. It is recognizable when visibly observed but does not reflect the organizational culture. The second level is in the exposed values or beliefs that employees express in organization which includes the mission statement, customer service and loyalty. This behavior can be studied by using surveys and discussion to gather attitudes of the organizations’ members. The third level is the basic assumption which is the most important level as it shapes the organization’s view and decision making. The norms or the unspoken rule exists without the awareness of the members which cannot be observed or surveyed and therefore it is difficult to draw out this characteristic…

    • 312 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Best Essays

    The main aim of every organisation is increase demand for the goods and services it offers. To achieve this goal, organisations employ certain ethics that control their attitudes, beliefs, experiences and values. This ethical characteristic of an organisation is known as its 'organisational culture'. In their book Strategic Management, Hill and Jones (2001) define organisational culture as the specific collection of values and norms that are shared by people and groups in an organisation, and that control the way they interact with each other and with stakeholders outside the organisation. In their opinion, it also includes beliefs and ideas about what kind of goals members of an organisation should pursue, and ideas about the appropriate kind or standards of behaviour organisational members should use to achieve these goals. From organisational values develop organisational norms; guidelines or expectations that prescribe appropriate kinds of behaviour by employees in particular situations, and which control the behaviour of organisational members towards one another (Hill and Jones, 2001: 21).…

    • 3624 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Leadership

    • 3772 Words
    • 16 Pages

    Gareth Morgan said about the organisational culture that it is “The set of the set of beliefs, values and norms together with symbols like dramatized events and personalities that represents the unique character of an organisation and provides the context for action in it and by it. Also it is referred as a share value, principles, traditions and ways of doing thing that influence the way organisation members work. Bass, B.M.(1990)…

    • 3772 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays