Chapter One Study Guide
1) What is lifespan development?
a) Define lifespan development
2) What are some basic influences on human development?
b) Be able to discuss the three topical areas/orientations in lifespan development and what are the defining characteristics of each. c) Be able list the names of the age ranges that encompass each age range of the lifespan as discussed in your textbook. What does the author mean when he says the age ranges are a social construction? d) Be able to define and discuss how each of the following influence developmental outcomes: cohort, history-graded influences, age-graded influences, age-graded influences, sociocultural-grades influences, and non-normative life events. 3) Be able to define and discuss the following key issues in Lifespan Development: continuous vs. discontinuous change, critical vs. sensitive periods, lifespan approach vs. focus on particular periods, nature vs. nurture. What are the characterics/emphasis of each issue? How do maturation and environment affect the nature/nurture issue? 4) What theoretical perspectives have guided lifespan development? e) Define theory and discuss the important of theories for the field of developmental psychology. f) Be able to define what is meant by the psychodynamic perspective and which theorists are associated with this perspective. i) What are the Freud’s three components of personality (what characterizes each component?) and how do they interact? What is psychosexual development and what are his psychosexual stages and what is the issues/crisis of each stage? ii) How does Erikson's psychoanalytic theory compare to Freud’s theory? What are the stages and what characterizes each stage? What crisis characterizes each of Erickson’s psychosocial stages? iii) What are the strengths and weakness of the psychodynamic perspective? 5) Be able to define what...
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