A Model for Decision Making

Satisfactory Essays
Topics: Decision making
Introduction

The many decision making models that exist nowadays means that you even have to make a decision as to which one to use! There are rational models, intuitive models, rational-iterative models as well as 5, 6, 7 and even 9 step decision models.
Most, however, move through each of the basic stages in decision making On this page we will quickly scan over the main points of some of these decision models so that you have a sense of what 's available.
Some of these decision making models presuppose that decision making is the same as problem solving. Frequently, the first step in the decision making process is to identify the problem. I don 't believe that every decision is solving a problem. For example, deciding whether you want dark chocolate or milk chocolate is not, in and of itself, a problem frame.
I also understand that for some people decision making can be a problem! But that does not mean that they are the same thing. So my descriptions and ideas below keep these things separate.

7-Steps Model 1. Establish objectives 2. Classify and prioritize objectives 3. Develop alternative actions 4. Evaluate alternatives against objectives 5. Tentative decision to most appropriate alternative 6. Evaluation of tentative decision for more consequences 7. Decisive action is taken and additional actions to prevent consequences
Rational Model
This type of model is based around a cognitive judgment of the pros and cons of various options. It is organized around selecting the most logical and sensible alternative that will have the desired effect. Detailed analysis of alternatives and a comparative assessment of the advantages of each is the order of the day.

* Consists of a structured four-step sequence: * identifying the problem * generating alternative solutions * selecting a solution * implementing and evaluating the solution * Techniques used in rational model of



References: Simon, H. A. (1997). Administrative behavior: A study of decision-making processes in administrative organizations, 4th Edition. NY: The Free Press. Fottler, M.D., McAfee, R.B., & Nkomo, S.M. (2011). Human resource management application. 7th Edition. South-Western, CENGAGE Learning Banning M. A review of clinical decision making: models and current research. J Clin Nurs.2008;17(2):187–95. Baron, J. (2004). Normative models of judgment and decision making. In D. J. Koehler& N. Harvey (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making, pp. 19:36. London: Blackwell.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision Making Models

    • 900 Words
    • 3 Pages

    “Wisegeek,” Decision making models fall into two general categories defined as rational decision making models or intuitive decision making models. Likewise Decision making models are used to help come to a conclusion. Coming to a conclusion one must have a good judgement. Each of these models is used to help problem solve and come to an exact conclusion. I learned that rational decision making models are based around the pros and cons of your options. The rational decision making model is used by…

    • 900 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision-Making Models

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Decision-making Models How people make decisions can very depending upon the situation. There are many techniques that can be applied to resolving an issue or problem. Depending on the criteria a person places on the problem or issue, can lead them down certain paths for the decision making process. According to Hoch, Kunreuther, and Gunther there are two different philosophies in play when making decisions: these are reflective and expedient decision processes (Chap. 6, p. 103). The first is a…

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    models of decision making

    • 1600 Words
    • 7 Pages

    MODELS OF ORGANIZATIONAL DECISION MAKING When we speak of rational behavior, we should remember that our focus in this discussion is not on making decisions, but rather on how to support the process of making decisions. Managers are change agents, not just decision makers, so the steps before and after a decision are as important as the actual choice of action. Preparatory steps include creating tension for change, understanding the positions of the various constituencies, and developing political…

    • 1600 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decision Making Model

    • 882 Words
    • 4 Pages

    RUNNING HEAD: DECISION MAKING MODEL Decision Making Model MGT 350 University of Phoenix Abstract Decision making models can be very effective in problem solving. Scheduling is a big problem at Direct HomeHealth Care and a solution needed to be found. Scheduling software which can be very expensive was the only conclusion that could be reached. With much thought and analysis a resolution was reached with critical thought and a decision making model from the Small Business Development…

    • 882 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision Making Model

    • 569 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Derrick Anderson Introduction A decision-making models verbally demonstrates a method used for making team decisions. Rational, intuitive, combinations, and decision support systems are the four models used to make team decisions. These models are used every day when making group decisions. The methods chose by those groups are based on the personalities of the members in the group. The rational decision making method is the method that is more frequently than the others, it is the most rational…

    • 569 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decision-Making Model

    • 991 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Improving Decisions through Data- Driven Change Professional Development Plan Shalisha Faiva Prof: Judith Gilliam November 28, 2012 A. Brief Description of Institution: The educational Institute that I have chosen is my current school called “Tuatoó Alofau Elementary School”. Our school is located on one of the United States territory in the pacific called American Samoa. It is located on the rural side of the island far from town. The school enrollment consists of 200 students who are all…

    • 991 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision Making Models

    • 206 Words
    • 1 Page

    Material Decision-Making Models Human services professionals often need to make ethical decisions when providing support to clients. Decision-making models help supply guidance to case managers. Complete the following table to compare three decision-making models. Models Characteristics of the model Advantages of the model Disadvantages of the model Feminist model It is a maximum involvement by both the client and the therapist. The client is equally involved with the decision making and strategy…

    • 206 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision Making Model

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages

    These different decision making models are approaches the problem of consumer decision making differently. The Engel-Kollat-Blackwell model is essentially a conscious problem solving and learning model of consumer behaviour. This model has a good description of active information seeking and evaluation processes of consumer. The information processed in this model is the stimulus. The consumer¡¦s decision processes act upon this stimulus in order to determine a response to it. These models attempt to…

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Decision-Making Model Analysis: 7-Step Decision-Making Process Decision making is defined as "the cognitive process leading to the selection of a course of action among alternatives" (Decision Making, 2006, para. 1). Decisions are made continually throughout our day. For the most part, our decision-making processes are either sub-conscious or made fairly quickly due to the nature of the decision before us. Most of us don't spend much time deciding what to have for lunch, what to wear, or what…

    • 1604 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    action. These are called as decision making situations. The different types of managerial decisions can be categorized in the following manner: 1. Routine/repetitive/programmable vs. non routine, non-programmable decisions; 2. Operating vs. strategic decisions. The routine/repetitive/programmable decisions are those which can be taken care of by the manager by resorting to standard operating procedures (also called sops in managerial parlance). Such decisions the manager has to take fairly…

    • 411 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays