Preview

A Model for Decision Making

Satisfactory Essays
Open Document
Open Document
617 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
A Model for Decision Making
Introduction

The many decision making models that exist nowadays means that you even have to make a decision as to which one to use! There are rational models, intuitive models, rational-iterative models as well as 5, 6, 7 and even 9 step decision models.
Most, however, move through each of the basic stages in decision making On this page we will quickly scan over the main points of some of these decision models so that you have a sense of what 's available.
Some of these decision making models presuppose that decision making is the same as problem solving. Frequently, the first step in the decision making process is to identify the problem. I don 't believe that every decision is solving a problem. For example, deciding whether you want dark chocolate or milk chocolate is not, in and of itself, a problem frame.
I also understand that for some people decision making can be a problem! But that does not mean that they are the same thing. So my descriptions and ideas below keep these things separate.

7-Steps Model 1. Establish objectives 2. Classify and prioritize objectives 3. Develop alternative actions 4. Evaluate alternatives against objectives 5. Tentative decision to most appropriate alternative 6. Evaluation of tentative decision for more consequences 7. Decisive action is taken and additional actions to prevent consequences
Rational Model
This type of model is based around a cognitive judgment of the pros and cons of various options. It is organized around selecting the most logical and sensible alternative that will have the desired effect. Detailed analysis of alternatives and a comparative assessment of the advantages of each is the order of the day.

* Consists of a structured four-step sequence: * identifying the problem * generating alternative solutions * selecting a solution * implementing and evaluating the solution * Techniques used in rational model of



References: Simon, H. A. (1997). Administrative behavior: A study of decision-making processes in administrative organizations, 4th Edition. NY: The Free Press. Fottler, M.D., McAfee, R.B., & Nkomo, S.M. (2011). Human resource management application. 7th Edition. South-Western, CENGAGE Learning Banning M. A review of clinical decision making: models and current research. J Clin Nurs.2008;17(2):187–95. Baron, J. (2004). Normative models of judgment and decision making. In D. J. Koehler& N. Harvey (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making, pp. 19:36. London: Blackwell.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    For the most part, our decision-making processes are either sub-conscious or made fairly quickly due to the nature of the decision before us. Most of us don't spend much time deciding what to have for lunch, what to wear, or what to watch on television. For other, more complex decisions, we need to spend more time and analyze the elements of the decision and potential consequences. To assist with this, many people employ the use of a decision-making model. Utilizing a model can serve as a guide for the steps to take in working through an issue to reach a conclusion, but the ability to think critically is crucial in executing the guidelines of the model.…

    • 1604 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mgt/230 Week 1 Assignment

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages

    People should make decisions every day, some of those decisions are easy to make, while others are quite difficult to implement. An appropriately combined and organized decision-making process will help to control this issue and bring a positive outcome for those involved. The decision-making process may become challenging for people due to “the lack of structure and entail risk, uncertainly and conflict” (Bateman and Snell, 2012, p. 86). That is why people trying to make important personal or professional decisions should have an appropriate model to follow in order to avoid these challenges. Bateman and Snell identified six steps or stages of decision-making process which may be attached to any problem or decision. First, it is necessary to identify and analyze the problem.…

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The decision making process occurs daily throughout a person’s life without much forethought. Major decisions need a much more methodical approach to ensure that a problem or issue is addressed critically to achieve the best results while minimizing risk. To ensure that all aspects of the decision making process are addressed, the six stages of decision should be used which are identifying and diagnosing the problem, generating alternative solutions, evaluating alternatives, making the choice, implementing the decision, and evaluating the decision (Bateman, 2011). When all of these steps are applied correctly, the chances of obtaining favorable results are greatly increased.…

    • 391 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Hcs 451 Week 3 Team Dq

    • 309 Words
    • 2 Pages

    While research various methods and processes to decision making I came across an article related to the DECIDE model for decision making. The steps are as follows:…

    • 309 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Responsible Decision-Making Model is a Power Point presentation that was on the Internet (Scarbo, slides 1-18). There are six steps to this decision-making model. The first step is to clearly describe the situation either in writing or aloud. The second step is to list any possible solutions to the situation. The third step is to share the list of possible solutions with another responsible person because he or she may have other solutions to add to the list. The fourth step is to carefully evaluate each possible solution using the six criteria. We will look at these six criteria in the next paragraph. The fifth step is to make a final decision on which solution is the best one for the situation. Finally, the sixth step is to act responsibly and evaluate the results of the outcome from the solution we used to resolve the situation.…

    • 869 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision-Making Models

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages

    How people make decisions can very depending upon the situation. There are many techniques that can be applied to resolving an issue or problem. Depending on the criteria a person places on the problem or issue, can lead them down certain paths for the decision making process. According to Hoch, Kunreuther, and Gunther there are two different philosophies in play when making decisions: these are reflective and expedient decision processes (Chap. 6, p. 103). The first is a more methodical and holistic approach to how one comes to a decision. The later which is common in the western world is faster and utilizes more of a gut feeling than actual facts. Another author, Lahti stipulates there are four basic decision-making models a manager can employ during this process; these are rational, political, process, and garbage can models (Lahti, 1996, ¶ 1).…

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    There are several different decision making models that one can choose from when deciding on a model to use for their business.…

    • 545 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    There are several kinds of decision making models, among them are rational model, Bounded Rationality,…

    • 1074 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    An individual 's decision-making process is an important when it comes to making decisions that can effect one 's family and way of life. The decision-making process is also a important part of the management structure when associated in the business world today. According to the text there are six important steps in the decision making process. The steps are as follows: (1) identify and diagnose the problem, (2) generate alternative solutions, (3) evaluate…

    • 636 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    EVPI is the expected financial value of the regret for the optimal decision under risk.…

    • 1439 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The specific outline of the Rational Decision-Making Model contains the following steps, as applied to scenarios outside of the military decision…

    • 1758 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    My experience with decision making models has been with doing the swot analysis. A Swot analysis is Models are available to assist managers and supervisors in making more effective decisions. In my personal experience we tend to have the right resources available to assist us in making good or sound decisions we just do not execute them properly. Decision making is the process of identifying problems and opportunities and resolving them (Ebook collection chapter 9 Decision Making).…

    • 417 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decision Making Model

    • 882 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Decision making models can be very helpful in analyzing a problem and setting up a step by step process to evaluate and come to a favorable conclusion. Recently there has been a problem at my agency with scheduling and the difficulty the on call schedulers…

    • 882 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    [Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.]…

    • 5806 Words
    • 24 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    QMB12ch01

    • 3826 Words
    • 33 Pages

    SLIDES . BY . . . .…

    • 3826 Words
    • 33 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays

Related Topics