A Case Summary for Personality Psychology
James Cook University
A Case Summary for Personality Psychology
Sam Smith is a typical 21-year-old adult who enjoys life and laughs at the simplest things. Sam is outgoing, cheerful, friendly and is always busy. He works at a Rental Property agency store where he enjoys learning and meeting new people. His interests involve sports, travelling, and inputting his vision into theatre. Sam’s experiences on diversity among personalities, cultures and atmospheres of the world have enabled him to connect with people on a greater, more personal level. Sam is studying psychology and aspires to work in a government agency to assist in the crime against drugs. Sam’s ideal self is to live more orderly, so he can balance work, family, friends and university life. In doing so, Sam also wishes to attain a stronger strive for achievement. Due to his inability to find his equilibrium, he has reflected on his life and feels frustrated. While Sam concentrates on his university commitments, it has resulted to his inability to maintain his previously good social life. This has made him feel as if he has lost a sense of himself, and a major component of his personality. Sam is perplexed as to why this is occurring.
Personality assessment entails the use of well-designed questionnaires or other standardized instruments, which are deliberated to tell different facets of a person’s traits or psychological attributes (McAdams, 2009). Diverse personality assessment tools have been developed, which are all designed to elucidate an individual’s psychological makeup including the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) test, Mental Muscle Diagram Indicator (MMDI) test, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test, Jung personality test, as well as the International Personality Item Pool Representation of the NEO (IPIP-NEO) test (Bernstein & Clarke-Stewart, 2008). In this report, Sam has been evaluated using the MMDI (Appendix1), IPIP-NEO (Appendix2) and Jung personality test (Appendix3).
The MMDI test is a personality test whose questionnaires are designed with a specific intuition in mind: seeking information from the respondent, which is principally used by the respondent, and is essential in making decisions in reference to themselves and their self-management. The test is useful in specific areas considering that it aims in measuring preference and not the individual’s competence (McAdams, 2009). As with other personality assessment tests, the foundations of IPIP-NEO personality test is the Five-Factor model, which explicates the most-acceptable scientific theory of personality (Srivastava, 2013). In the test, the fundamental personal traits to measure an individual’s personality, as explicated in the Five-Factor model include surgency, agreeability, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2010). It evaluates the five fundamental personal traits, while integrating them with the six facets described in the NEO-PI-R model to each trait.
Lastly, the Jung personality test is based on Jung's theory of personality types, which highlights on the different ways in which various personalities are perceived to the world (Campbell, 1976). It evaluates three principle channels that an individual would employ in understanding the world, where there are two different ways in which each principle channel could be perceived. The three dichotomies that the test evaluates include the Sensing-Intuition, Introversion-Extroversion and Thinking-Feeling.
Starting with the MMDI Personality Test, which shows the 16 Myers Briggs personality types, the test showed that Sam’s personality is between ESFP (62%) with the second closest type being ESFJ (53%). Moreover, Sam’s leadership style, according to a reflection by the MMDI test, is an action-oriented leader. The algorithm of the...
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