Assignments in Communicative English Class-IX (Term-I) Section A: Reading (Unseen Passages with MCQs) ASSIGNMENT A-1 Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : How does television affect our lives? It can be very helpful to people who carefully choose the shows that they watch. Television can increase our knowledge of the outside world; there are high quality programmes that help us understand many fields of study, science, medicine, the arts and so on. Moreover, television benefits very old people, who can’t often leave the house as well as patients in hospitals. It also offers non-native speakers the advantage of daily informal language practice. They can increase their vocabulary and practice listening. On the other hand, there are several serious disadvantages of television. Of course, it provides us with a pleasant way to relax and spend our free time, but in some countries, people watch the ‘boob-tube’ for an average of six hours or more a day. Many children stare at a television screen for more hours each day than they do anything else, including studying and sleeping. It is clear that the tube has a powerful influence on their lives and that its influence is often negative.
Another disadvantage is that television often causes people to become dissatisfied with their own lives.
Before a child is fourteen years old, he or she views eleven thousand murders on the tube. He or she begins to believe that there is nothing strange about fights, killings and other kinds of violence. Many studies show that people become more violent after certain programmes. They might even do the things that they saw in a violent show. The most negative effect of the ‘boob-tube’ might be people’s addiction to it. People often feel a strange and powerful need to watch television even when they don’t enjoy it. Addiction to a television screen is similar to drug or alcohol addiction. People almost never believe they are addicted. 1. Complete the following sentences with one word only. (ii) Watching a lot of television can cause poor ___________ among children. 1 © Goyal Brothers Prakashan
GO YA L
Real life does not seem as exciting to these people as the lives of actors on the screen. To many people, television becomes more real than reality and their own lives seem boring. Also, many people get upset or depressed when they can’t solve problems in real life as quickly as television actors seem to.
BR OT HE RS
Recent studies show that after only thirty seconds of television, a person’s brain ‘relaxes’ the same way that it does just before the person falls asleep. Another effect of television on the human brain is that it seems to cause poor concentration. Children who view a lot of television can often concentrate on a subject for only fifteen to twenty minutes. They can pay attention only for the amount of time between commercials.
(i) If people carefully choose the shows they watch, television can be very ___________.
PR AK AS HA N
[1/2 × 4 = 2 marks]
(iii) Watching television for long hours often causes people to become ______________ with their own lives. (iv) The most negative effect of ‘boob tube’ might be people’s __________ to it. Ans. 1. ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________ 4. ____________ [1 × 6 = 6 marks]
2. Answer the following questions briefly in your own words. (i) How is television useful to us? Give two reasons.
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ (ii) What are the benefits derived by very old people from television?
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ (iii) How does the television affect children?
(iv) Why do people feel...
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