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Topics: Plastic surgery, Hair, Hair follicle Pages: 18 (3315 words) Published: May 29, 2014
Assignment 332 Explore Technological Developments within the hair, beauty and associated areas.

Task 1- research and produce a report
Micro-pigmentation from 1980 including eyebrows, eyes, lips and beauty spots Permanent makeup is a cosmeticᄃ technique which employs tattoosᄃ (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeupᄃ, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skinᄃ of the faceᄃ, lipsᄃ, and eyelidsᄃ. It is also used to produce artificial eyebrowsᄃ, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia totalisᄃ, chemotherapyᄃ, or a geneticᄃ disturbance, and to disguise scarsᄃ and white spots in the skin such as in vitiligoᄃ. It is also used to restore or enhance the breast'sareolaᄃ, such as after breast surgery. Most commonly called permanent cosmetics, other names include dermapigmentation, micropigmentation, and cosmetic tattooing, the latter being most appropriate since permanent makeup is, in fact, tattooing. In the United Statesᄃ and other countries, the inksᄃ used in permanent makeup and the pigmentsᄃ in these inks are not subject to FDAᄃ regulation as cosmetics and color additives.

Here are a few examples on Micro-Pigmentation developments within the Hair and beauty areas. There are numerous treatments available in this sector including eyebrows, eyes, lips, beauty spots and hair.

Hair Transplants from 1930

Hair transplantation is a surgicalᄃ technique that moves individual hair folliclesᄃ from a part of the body called the 'donor site' to bald or balding part of the body known as the 'recipient site'. It is primarily used to treat male pattern baldnessᄃ. In this minimally invasive procedure, grafts containing hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding are transplanted to the bald scalp. It can also be used to restore eyelashesᄃ, eyebrowsᄃ, beard hair, chest hair, pubic hair and to fill in scars caused by accidents or surgery such as face-lifts and previous hair transplants. Hair transplantation differs from skin graftingᄃ in that grafts contain almost all of the epidermisᄃ and dermisᄃsurrounding the hair follicle, and many tiny grafts are transplanted rather than a single strip of skin. Since hair naturally grows in groupings of 1 to 4 hairs, today’s most advanced techniques harvest and transplantᄃ these naturally occurring 1–4 hair "follicular units" in their natural groupings. Thus modern hair transplantation can achieve a natural appearance by mimicking nature hair for hair. This hair transplant procedure is called Follicular Unit Transplantationᄃ (FUT). Donor hair can be harvested two different ways: strip harvesting, and follicular unit extraction (FUE). Surgeons have also devoted more attention to the angle and orientation of the transplanted grafts. The adoption of the “lateral slit” technique in the early 2000s, enabled hair transplant surgeons to orient 2 to 4 hair follicular unit grafts so that they splay out across the scalp's surface. This enabled the transplanted hair to lie better on the scalp and provide better coverage to the bald areas. One disadvantage however, is that lateral incisions also tend to disrupt the scalp's vascularity more than sagittals. Thus sagittal incisions transect less hairs and blood vessels assuming the cutting instruments are of the same size. One of the big advantages of sagittals is that they do a much better job of sliding in and around existing hairs to avoid follicle transection. This certainly makes a strong case for physicians who do not require shaving of the recipient area. The lateral incisions bisect existing hairs perpendicular (horizontal) like a T while sagittal incisions run parallel (vertical) alongside and in between existing hairs. The use of perpendicular (lateral/coronal) slits versus parallel (sagittal) slits, however, has been heavily debated in patient-based hair transplant...
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