Wwi Impact on Women and African-Americans

Topics: World War II, Racism, World War I Pages: 3 (934 words) Published: July 19, 2008
Arnold Trinh
United States History Essay
During World War 1, the United States went through social changes that changed the life of many African-Americans, immigrants, and women. These changes included more rights and jobs to many different men and women in America that would help change America into what it is today.

At the time of World War I, Many whites were recruited in the military and sent to Europe. The result was a demand for workers in all types of jobs. Many African-Americans facing a plight in the south because of drought, loss of jobs, and racial discrimination immigrated to northern cities like New York, St. Louis, and Chicago. Between 1910 and 1930, over hundreds of thousands of African Americans moved. In northern cities African Americans could work at steel mills, munitions plants, stockyards, and the new automobile assembly line opened by Henry Ford specifically for African Americans.

The African Americans that had moved to the city lived in poor slums, also known as ghettos. The African Americans usually lived in one-room kitchenettes. Many African-Americans took the opportunity to start new business such as hairdressing. With many African Americans succeeding in “areas of finance that whites considered too risky” . The whites discriminated against African Americans because African-Americans competed with whites for jobs because they work for less and are sometimes used as strikebreakers, or people who would be hired when workers in a union went on strike.

Instead of Migrating to the north many Africans joined the effort to help the war. There were 2 sides that had different opinions about the war. On one side was W.E.B. Du Bois who believed that “African-American support for the war would lend strength to calls for racial justice.” On the other side there was William Monroe Trotter, who believed that African-Americans should not support the American government who was racist towards the African-American community....
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