Totalitarianism - a centralized system of government where the State has complete power over all aspects of a person’s life (politically, economically, socially and culturally); totalitarianism tries to abolish all freedom Fascism - the political ideology that considers individuals as inferior to the State. Fascism promotes a dictatorial one-party rule, centralized control of private enterprise, repression of opposition, an extreme form of nationalism, and a denial of individual rights. Fascists seek to forge a type of national unity, usually based on (but not limited to) ethnic, racial, cultural or religious groups. Nazism - Nationalists Socialist German Workers’ Party: a belief in the inherent/natural racial superiority and the fascist/totalitarian policy of State control of all industry more blatant and racist in convictions and policies than fascism, believing in the superiority of “Aryan” race anti-Semitism - policies, views, or actions that harm or discriminate against Jewish people Weimar Republic - the new government (or nation) of Germany established in 1919 out of anger toward the results of WWI. The republic came to an end in 1933. Axis Powers - the military and political alliance of Germany, Italy and Japan Allied Powers – the military and political alliance of Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the United States and 43 other countries Franklin Delano Roosevelt - (FDR) - President of the United States (1933-1945) when WWII began Winston Churchill - Prime Minister of Great Britain (1940-1945; 1951-1955) Joseph Stalin - harsh ruler of the Soviet Union (1922-1953)
Benito Mussolini – Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943)
Emperor Hirohito - leader of Japan; longest reigning and last emperor of Japan (1926-1989) Adolf Hitler - Nazi dictator of Germany (1933-1945)
Harry S. Truman - President of the United States when WWII ended Third Reich - Nazi regime of the German Empire, established by Hitler, between 1933 and 1945 Mein Kampf - “My Struggle”...
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