1a Explain the differences between modern day nursing education and the old hospital based training model.
Modern day nursing is quite a different experience and process when compared to the old hospital based training system. Today’s nursing is theory based. Nurses learn the theory behind actions, procedures and decisions, before gaining the experience of performing the action or duty within the profession. In stark contrast the hospital based system is on the job, training where the nurses learn various processes as they present themselves and the theory is explained after the process has been demonstrated or when the applicable lesson comes to pass. The training was often governed by the skills required on the ward on that particular day, rather than the broad range of skills and knowledge that is achieved with the modern evidence based training model (Koutoukidis, Stainton & Hughson 2013 pp. 4 – 19).
1b. When did the Diploma of Nursing become the nationally recognizedentry level qualification for Enrolled Nurses in Australia? Why did this occur? The diploma of nursing was nationally recognized in 2010, it coincided with the establishment of the Australian Health Practitioners Regulation Authority (AHPRA). This was essential as previously each state had a different system and standards and this was not practical for national management .This was evident when nurses would transfer jobs between states and find that the skill sets were not equal (Koutoukidis, Stainton & Hughson 2013, pp 10)(Australian Health Practitioners Regulatory Agency 2012).
2a). Discuss two primary health care strategies which aim to combat health issues such as poor nutrition, diabetes, obesity or tobacco smoking in aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander communities.
The prevalence of diabetes among Indigenous people, is estimated to be over 3 times the rate of non-Indigenous people. Indigenous people have a higher prevalence of overweight or obesity and related chronic diseases. Primary health care strategies include,Increase the number of Indigenous health workers trained in diabetes management, early detection and prevention and increase the capacity for more training programs. Advance the role and status of Indigenous health workers.
Increase the number of allied health visits.
Support Indigenous people to undertake professional training in medicine, nursing and allied health disciplines. Engage Indigenous communities in the development and implementation of culturally appropriate diabetes prevention and management strategies. Another common health problem affecting the Indigenous people is obesity. Strategies to combat this problem include A Healthy Food Compact between governments, industry and non-government organizations with voluntary targets to drive change; work with industry, health and consumer groups to introduce food labelling on front of pack and on means to support healthier food choices. Phase out television advertising to children of unhealthy food & beverage product within four years through a staged approach commencing with monitoring effectiveness of voluntary industry codes. Implement a comprehensive, sustained social marketing strategy to increase healthy eating, physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour, building on the “Measure Up” campaign. Implement comprehensive workplace health programs, including development of a national accord to promote best practice. Establish a national series of comprehensive five-year intervention trials in low SES and Indigenous communities Incorporate Health and Physical Education for all Australian children into the second stage of National Curriculum development; monitor a requirement for at least two hours of physical activity per week for students K–10; and expand coverage of out-of-school-care programs.
b). What are some of the challenges that may need to be overcome in order for these strategies to work effectively.
There are a number of...
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