Aryans were the “noble” people that were around in 1500 BCE, they spoke Sanskrit, and composed the Vedas. The Vedas are the earliest literacy record of Aryan civilization, and are considered the most sacred books of India. The earliest of them are the Vedic Samhitas. The Vedic Samhitas are hymns of praise in worship of deities. The Aryans believe in heavens, atmosphere, and earth, and were divided into three groups. The first group was the Brahmins, which were the priests and they connected to the Gods. The second group was the Kshatriyas, which consisted of the warriors. Finally, the third group was the Viashyas, which were the food producers, farmers, and manual laborers. The verses of the Vedic Samhitas were: First, the Rg Veda, which consisted of 1,028 hymns to devas. The priests, Hotrs, had a leading role in chanting Sanskrit hymns. Second, the Sama Veda, whose leading priests were Udgatrs. They sang using reorganized hymns from Rg Veda verses “using sacrificial offerings of Soma” (Rodrigues, Introducing Hinduism, p.25). Third, the Yajur Veda, whose leading priests were Udhvaryu, the were in charge of the preparation for the sacrifice. Their duties were to measure the ground, build the altar, prepare the sacrifice ground, add fire and do the cooking. Together the Rg Veda, Sama Veda, and Yajur Veda “constituted early orthodox Aryan scripture” (Rodrigues, Introducing Hinduism, p.25). Finally, the fourth Vedic Samhita was Atharva Veda, which was different from the other three. It consisted of magic, spells, and incantations, and its leading priests were the Brahmans. “The Atharva Veda Samhitas reveals ancient techniques of medicinal practice, warfare, and ritual, as well as astrological knowledge and philosophical speculation” (Rodrigues, Introducing Hinduism, p.26). “Vedic rituals (yajna) were thought to maintain the very order of the cosmos by providing nourishment to the gods” (Rodrigues, Introducing Hinduism, p.28). People performed these rituals as
Vedic Religion, Mythology and Society
The early civilizations of India have proven to be a highly intellectual, god fearing, and advanced collaboration of people. From approximately 2700 B.C.E to around 500 B.C.E two societies flourished in the northern region of India known as the Indus Valley. The Indus Valley Civilization and later, the Aryans - believed by some to have migrated to India from Europe and the middle East - paved the foundation of Hinduism through the influences….
Vedic mathematics (book) | |Note that there are two distinct articles with almost the same name: this one has "mathematics" lowercase, Vedic Mathematics (book) has "Mathematics" capitalised.
For the actual mathematics of the Vedic period, see Sulba Sūtras and Indian mathematics.
Vedic mathematics is a list of sixteen basic sūtras, or aphorisms, presented by a Hindu scholar and mathematician, Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja, during the early part of the 20th century. While its author….
1) The Vedic period (or Vedic age) (ca.1750–500 BCE) was the period in Indian history during which the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, were composed.
Our knowledge of Aryans is not based, as it is in the case of Harappan people, mostly on digging up their habitation sites. We know about the Aryans from the hymns which they composed and which were recited and passed on from generation to generation until they were finally written down. We call this literary evidence and it provides the clues….
Vedic mathematics is the name given to the ancient
system of mathematics, or, to be precise, a unique
technique of calculations based on simple rules and
principles with which any mathematical problem can
be solved be it arithmetic, algebra, geometry or
trigonometry. The system is based on 16 Vedic sutras
or aphorisms, which are actually word formulae
describing natural ways of solving a whole range of
mathematical problems. Vedic mathematics was
ANALYSIS, VERIFICATION AND FPGA IMPLEMENTATION OF VEDIC MULTIPLIER WITH BIST CAPABILITY A thesis report submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of Master of Technology in VLSI Design & CAD Submitted by Vinay Kumar Roll No.: 60761026 Under the Guidance Of Mr. Arun Kumar Chatterjee Lecturer, ECED
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering THAPAR UNIVERSITY (Formerly Known as Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology) PATIALA-147004, INDIA….
large body of texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer ofSanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The Vedas are apauruṣeya ("not of human agency"). They are supposed to have been directly revealed, and thus are called śruti ("what is heard"), distinguishing them from other religious texts, which are called smṛti ("what is remembered").
The Vedic texts or śruti are organized around four canonical collections….
1. In early Vedic period, the worship is mostly consisted by male gods, who were believed to control the forces of nature. Agni(god of fire), Vayu(god of air) and Surya(god of sun) who are mere abstractions, intangible and illusive personifications of the powers of nature. Vedic gods assumed the most undoubted personality, of the real qualities intended to be expressed by their names.
2.Karma is the chain of cause and effect at every level. It is explained by causality through a system. The system….
Costumes in Post Vedic
600 – 323 BC
By Toolika Gupta, Associate Prof.
• Forms of political organizations:
• Ashvamedha Yagya
• By about 5th century BC there were 16 major states in
Northern India, but a hundred years later there remained
only 4 vital states – the three kingdoms of Kashi, Kosala,
Magadha and the republic of Vrijis.
By Toolika Gupta, Associate Prof.
Social life continued…
Of These magadha became….
Reading Assignment of Chapter 3
Early Hinduism: The Passage from Ritual Sacrifice to Mystical Union
Carlos Albizu University
Hinduism is not a religion but rather an umbrella of religions of an unlimited diversity. There is a wide selection of beliefs and practices within the Hindu religious community. Hindus believe in reincarnation. After death, the soul leaves the body and is reborn in the body of another person, animal, vegetable, or mineral. This condition….