Urban Crime

Topics: Crime, Police, City Pages: 4 (1487 words) Published: June 21, 2013
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UNIT THREE CRIMINOLOGY PROJECT|
URBAN & RURAL CRIME|
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Elaine Lawrence|
23/4/2012 |
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RURAL CRIME

INTRODUCTION
This project is going to look at urban crime and rural crime and how it differs. It will look at statistics for crime in urban and rural areas and see whether there is any difference. There is research put forward by criminologists to suggest that crime is higher in urban to that of rural areas. The project will be using secondary research as there might be ethical issues into conducting primary research. Secondary research is where the researcher uses research already available to them, by other researchers. Primary research is where the researcher conducts their own research. This project will look into research by Wilson and Kelling (1982) known as the “Broken windows theory” This theory will be explained in further detail below and evaluated in how relevant it is in contemporary Britain and whether it applicable as the research was based in New York. The theory itself received support from several empirical studies but also came under criticisms; these will be discussed in further detail below.

Another theory to be discussed in this project will be “The zone of transition” (Shaw and McKay) whose research was based on social organization being responsible for crime, based on Ernest Burgess concentric zone model (1924)

URBAN AND RURAL CRIME DEFINITION
Urban crime is committed in built up areas such as towns and cities. It can range from petty crime to serious crime. Urban crime is widely reported and at times sensationalised in the news. Urban crime appears to be statistically higher than rural crime but this might not necessarily be the case as the figures may be due to the differences in population. As the structure of Britain changes so does crime patterns and how people commit crime and what seems to be most relevant is the social organization of people.

Rural crime is the term given to crime...
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