Unit 4 - Keeping Children Safe.
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995 ·
Childcare Act 2006
The Children Act 1989
The Children Act 2004
When a child bumps their head, the child is immidiately assessed by an adult in the setting to see how severe the injury is. If the child is concious they are taken to the medical room where a First Aider will apply a cold compress to the bump. At the time the child will not be left alone and the parents or guardians are informed of the accident. If any serious than this, the parent will be informed to take the child to the family doctor, to be further checked out. Meningitis is a very common and serious illness in children. There are several strains of meningitis and the immunisation in the UK that offer protection from some. However if suspected that a child may have meningitis, it is essential to react immidiately, and to further seek medical help. It is important to call 999 and also inform the child's parents. If a child is having an asthma attack or having breathing difficulties while in the setting, the first thing to do is to move them into a quiet room, away from the other children and to make them feel comfortable. This can be done by letting them sit in a position that they want that makes them feel comfortable. Let them use their inhaler which usually tends to be a blue reliever, if they have one. It also helps for the practitoner to know how to help a child who uses an inhaler and are confident that they also know how to use the inhaler the child has. When their is an outbreak of sickness or diarrhoea involving the child it is important to remove the other children from the room immidiately. This is to prevent other children getting sick. It can be easier to just remove the sick child from the room and to call the parents to pick them up. If involving diarrhoea, it is essential to contact the parents too. When dealing with it, always wear gloves and an apron, and dispose of the waste appropriately.
When meeting a child at one year old's needs, it is essential to meet every one of them in the time they are in the setting. A lot of children are difficult and may have different routines that they have at home. It might be good to ask the parents what the routine is at home, so that it makes it easier to plan around the other children who might have similair routines. A lot of the time the day starts out gradually, as different children come in at different times. But the main thing is when it opens, usually at 8am, there are toys and activities that they can do, when they do arrive. After all the children arrive, at about 10am, the children sit down to have snack. Snack, Dinner and Tea throughout the day keeps the child healthy, full and outgoing enough to make it through the day. It is made so that the child gets 5 of the food groups a day, giving them a healthy balanced diet. This is very important for the development of a 1 year old child. After snack, at about 11am, they go back to playing, giving them the choice of what they want to play with, builds up independance and their own character. It starts to form children's likes and dislikes, as they prefer some toys over others. There are set activities that occur in the placement, so that if the child would like to participate, it is always there for them to do it. This will usually go on for another hour and a half before dinner is ready for them to eat at 12:30pm. This will normally be a hot meal, and the children, no matter what will always get the dessert with it. If the child has not eaten all their food, the practitioners will have to be forced to give it to them anyway, as this can cause discrimination when the other children have it and they don't. At 1pm the children have a nap time, where some can sleep from half an hour to 2 hours depending on their age. When they wake up there will always be an activity...
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