Uniform Commercial Law

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Grocery, Inc.

**Contract Law Portion**

There are two bodies of law that govern contracts; Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code and the common law of contracts. “The Uniform Commercial Code, or UCC, is statutory law in every state. The common law of contracts is court-made law that, like all court-made law, is in a constant state of evolution.” (Mallor, 2007) The UCC was created by the American Law Institute and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws to establish a uniform set of rules to govern commercial transactions, help solve the common problems that occur during these transactions, and promote higher standards for fair dealing in the marketplace. A body of rules for the US as a whole is important because most commercial business is conducted across state lines. Louisiana is
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“So, contracts for the sale of such items as motor vehicles, books, appliances, and clothing are covered by Article 2.” (Mallor, 2007) Article 2 applies to contracts for the sale of goods, but it does not apply to contracts for the sale of real estate, services, or intangibles such as stocks and bonds. These are governed by the common law of contracts. Common law is less flexible and gives more weight to technical requirements. Contract formation is a part of contact code that shows the basic difference between the UCC and common law. The UCC emphasizes people’s justifiable expectations and states that “sales contracts under Article 2 can be created in any manner sufficient to show agreement, including conduct which recognizes the existence of a contract.” (Mallor, 2007) Under the common law of contracts this creates a contractual liability so no contact would be recognized. Mallor states that [common] contact law requires a relatively high standard of definiteness for offers, requiring that all the essential terms of a proposed contract be stated in the

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