The question asks you about ‘models of team work’. What it means by this is to research, and explain theory’s around teamwork. The best know theory around teamwork is by a man called Bruce Tuckman.
Below is an overview of his theory:
The 4 Phases of Tuckman’s Teamwork Theory
It was first published in 1965, and what made it different form all other theories was that Tuckman believed that groups don’t star off “fully formed and functioning”. He believed that that groups changed and evolved through clearly defined stages.
These four stages are:
The initial stage of team development during which individuals have not yet gelled together. Everybody is busy finding their place in the team, sizing each other up, and asking themselves why they are here
People begin to see themselves as part of a team. However at this stage they may challenge each other, and the team leader, about such things as what the team is doing, and how things should be done. As the stage title suggests, conflict and confrontation typify this stage, as differences surface. This may result in some loss of performance or focus on the task, as the diagram illustrates.
This is the phase where team members start to come together, developing processes, establishing ground rules, clarifying who does what, and how things will be done. This phase is characterised by a growing sense of “togetherness”.
This is the final stage where increased focus on both the task, and on team relationships, combine to provide synergy. Performance is delivered through people working effectively together.
Question 3 in this outcome asks about group cohesion. Below is some information on what that means, and the importance of it in forming groups:
Group cohesion is a phenomenon that determines how well a group holds together. When cohesion is strong, a group will remain stable, but