top-rated free essay

Truancy

By Newcomez Dec 13, 2012 474 Words
The issue of truancy in schools has repeatedly come up over the years. More recently, there has been increasing community, political, and education sector concern over truancy. Despite a widespread perception that truancy is on the increase, the actual size of the truancy problem is unknown. A national survey of state primary and secondary schools in New Zealand in 1977 (Taylor, Sturrock and White 1982) reported that the unjustified absence rate in primary schools was 0.69%, and in secondary schools it was 1.4%. Berwick-Emms (1987), studying attendance in primary schools in Canterbury, reported an absence rate of 5.4%. McDonald (1991) estimated truancy in New Zealand at approximately 5%. However, there are no nationally-kept figures which would indicate an overall rate of non-attendance at school, or whether such non-attendance is justified or unjustified.

The problem of truancy is shared throughout the world (see Reid 1987, Andrews 1986). Whitney (1994:15), a British researcher, notes that ‘Truancy, like poverty, has a lengthy past history, and the two have always been closely related.’ New Zealand’s basic legal requirement of compulsory school attendance for everyone between the ages of 6 and 16 relates to a history of free education provision for all children and young people living in this country. Attendance at school has been a political issue in New Zealand since the Education Act 1877. In 1995, the Education and Science Select Committee inquiry into children at risk through truancy and behavioural problems recognised truancy as being widespread throughout the country (New Zealand House of Representatives 1995).

In 1992, the Ministry of Education became involved in the funding of programmes aimed at improving school attendance. In February, the Ministry of Education proposed that Māori Wardens undertake development of a programme to combat absenteeism among students in school. Later that year, the Ministry offered funding to the Rotorua Māori Wardens’ Association to develop and operate on a one-year trial basis for 1993 a programme, Te Kupenga O Te Aroha, to return to school students who were absent without justified reason.

Further government initiatives to address the problem of truancy in the nation's schools have resulted in additional funding to establish and extend truancy prevention programmes nationwide. Since the 1994 Budget, Government has allocated resources for truancy programmes. In 1994/95 the total allocation was $0.5 million, in 1995/96, $1.5 million, and in 1996/97, $2.5 million. In its 1997 Budget, the Government again increased the funding allocated. These programmes are designed to assist schools, parents and support agencies to improve school attendance in a particular locality, and to deal with non-enrolment and tracking students ‘lost’ from the system. The Ministry of Education takes truancy to mean both unjustified absences and non-enrolment of students of compulsory schooling age, that is, 6 to 16 years.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • What Causes Truancy?

    ...What Causes Truancy?   The reason a student misses school will for different depending on the age and circumstances of each student. Sometimes a student will skip school because they feel unsafe at school or on their way to or from school. Other students may miss school because of family issues, financial demands, substance abuse, or mental h...

    Read More
  • truancy

    ...Truancy 1 Running head: STUDENT TRUANCY Student truancy: Why should I go to school? Kevin Floress Indiana University Truancy 2 Abstract Various school personnel, parents, community members, and juvenile justice officials among others are consistently concerned with the issue of truancy in schools. Truancy highly correlates to probl...

    Read More
  • Truancy: High School and Socioeconomic Status

    ...A study to explore the factors contributing to truancy among a group of Grade 9 boys at the Rosemount Primary and Junior High School in Linstead St. Catherine. Submitted by:Angene Clarke Course Title: Action Research Date: August 10, 2010. Introduction Truancy is an important issue in today’s society, as it is a cl...

    Read More
  • Truancy

    ...Truancy is one of the disciplinary problem, which frequently occurs among school students and it often becomes a prelude to other delinquent behaviours. Besides that, truancy also has been labelled one of the top ten major problems in many country's schools and it is affecting the future of our youth negatively. In this aspect, truancy is a ...

    Read More
  • Sociology - Assess the strengths and limitations for using participant observation to study truancy

    ...Assess the strengths and limitations for using participant observation to study truancy There are many strengths and limitations for using participant observation to study truancy. Truancy is defined as an unauthorised absence from school. Sociologists may want to investigate why truancy occurs, what anti-school subcultures are more likely t...

    Read More
  • Truancy within Schools: Strengths and Limitations of Using Participant Observations

    ...item B and elsewhere, assess the strengths and limitations of one of the following methods for investigating truancy from official statistics OR participant observation (20 marks) Many sociologists will use participant observation to investigate truancy within schools. There are strength and limitations of using participant observation. As item ...

    Read More
  • An Examination of the Factor Influencing Truancy Among Upper School Students Ay an Inner City High School

    ...An Examination of the Factors Influencing Truancy among Upper School Students at an Inner City High School in St. James by A research submitted to the Department of Professional and Continuing Education in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course EDU455/487: Introduction to Educational Resea...

    Read More
  • Adolescent Truancy

    ...Adolescent Truancy Intro to Sociology I choose to do my paper on “Playing Hooky”: Examining Factors that Contribute to Adolescent Truancy, because of the position I am currently in at work places me in several different school s all year long. I have seen the effects and causes of adolescent truancy first hand. This article is a re...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.