The qualifier (the precedent): There is a long and well recorded history of interest groups in Washington lobbying for beneficial legislation to their interests.
The Support: because a recent press release states that the biggest nuclear power lobbying firm has recently committed itself to make a $$$ donation over the next 5 years. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0311/51367.html The Rebuttal: Despite recent nuclear fears, nuclear power has a near-perfect track record in ‘safe’ zones.
The Warrant: The general public dislikes the notion that lobbying firms ‘buy’ or alter the opinion of lawmakers in Washington.
This cartoon is in the backdrop of the Japanese emergency to keep their nuclear reactor from going into meltdown. The main idea is that there has been a knee-jerk reaction in the United States towards fear about nuclear power and the nuclear power industry are funneling money into Washington to keep the law makers from passing negative legislation to appease the general public’s growing concern for nuclear safety
The Claim: This job applicant is not prepared for any job...
Support: because he has taken tests in high school that rely on answer sheets, like those used with standardized tests, and he cannot communicate effectively.
Warrant: The knowledge learned and tested in standardized tests is irrelevant to jobs in the real world; this hampers students’ communication skills.
Backing: Many people believe that standardized tests fail to measure the critical thinking skills and communication skills, especially, writing, that are required for success in the work place.
Rebuttal: A rebuttal is implied against the position that standardized testing is an adequate test of student’s knowledge and job skills. A rebuttal establishes what is wrong, invalid, or unacceptable about an argument and may also present counterarguments or new arguments that