Angina is when there is discomfort in the chest that occurs if an area of your heart muscle is deprived of oxygen rich blood. Angina isn’t a disease, it is a symptom of an under lying heart problem. People usually get angina when they are diagnosed with coronary heart disease. This is when plaque builds up on the walls of the coronary artery. You need these arteries open to supply the heart with oxygen rich blood.
There are three types of angina. There is stable, unstable, variant, and microvascular angina. Stable angina is the most common type, it occurs when a heart is working harder than usual. If you have stable you could predict when the next pain will occur by studding the patterns at which it happens. Unstable angina doesn't follow a pattern and it may occur more often and be more severe than stable angina. Unstable angina is dangerous and may be a sign that tells you that you will have a heart attack soon, this means it must be treated as soon as it possibly can. The next type of angina is variant angina. This type is very rare and usually happens when you are sleeping. It occurs when the coronary artery has a spasm, the pain is severe and there is medicine to relieve this type of angina. The last type is microvascular angina. This angina can be more severe and last longer than any other angina, medicine may not relieve this type of angina.
There are some symptoms of angina that will occur and they include chest pain and discomfort. This occurs because your heart muscle being deprived of nutrients and oxygen that it needs. There is pain in other parts of your body, nausea, fatigue, shortness of breath, anxiety, sweating, and dizziness because your heart isn’t pumping blood at maximum speed, due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients.
Doctors usually diagnose angina based on your health history, your family’s health history, a physical exam and the results of other various tests. Angina can be treated. It can be treated by medicines such as nitrates. People with angina will need to take medicine to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. They also take medicine to prevent blood clots, which can cause a heart attack. You can prevent angina by making changes to improve your health, you can also do regular physical exercise and maintain your weight. Smoking will increase the risk as well as consuming high amounts of saturated fat and cholesterol. If or when the medicine isn’t good enough there is surgery that can be done it includes angioplasties and bypass surgery. These are the two most common procedures. An angioplasty is surgery that allows your doctor to open blocked coronary arteries. The insert an expandable device called a splint. This allows the artery to stay open for a long period of time. Bypass surgery is when a blood vessel is taken from somewhere else in your body and is used to bypass a blockage in the original vessel. That is why it is a procedure sometimes used when dealing with angina.
Angina is treatable, but it is still a dangerous condition and needs to be addressed as soon as possible. This will prevent a future heart attack. A heart attack can result in death. The treatment helps prevent and protect you from this ever happening.