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Topics: Domestic violence, Violence, Religion, Abuse / Pages: 85 (21034 words) / Published: Feb 24th, 2013
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CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING
Introduction
The research study discusses the perceptions of criminology students on the role of religion in crime resolution. This study critically examines criminologist Michael R.; Charles R.; and Pete, Thomas, (2010), application of liberation theology to the quest for a resolution to the crime problem. The principal thesis of this study is that religion manifests a dialectical potential. It is potentially both an institution that may contribute to social change and to liberation from crime and an institution that may be employed to impede social change or to maintain the status quo. More importantly, with regard to the latter, religion may not only exacerbate crime, it may itself be criminogenic. Religion, in this study refers to a belief based on faith in a divine or superhuman power or powers to be obeyed and worshipped as the creator and ruler of the universe. Conventional wisdom suggests that as an indirect cause of crime, religion is not of much consequence. It is assumed that whatever indirect influence it has on criminal behavior is offset by its direct role in the socialization process. Despite some improvement in law and order, crime remained a major problem through the end of the 1980s. Police attributed the country 's chronic crime problems to a variety of social and cultural factors. Widespread poverty and rapid population growth were frequently cited. Population pressures and a shortage of land and jobs in rural areas had produced a steady internal migration to the cities. This urbanization of a traditionally agrarian society was commonly mentioned as cause for increased crime rates. In particular, police pointed to the rapid growth of urban slum and squatter areas; more than 25 percent of the population of Metro Manila were thought to be squatters in the late 1980s (Michael R.; Charles R.; and Pete, Thomas, 2010).

According to the police, the incidence of serious crime escalated



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