Timeline of Gendered Movements Beginning in the mid-19th century, woman suffrage supporters worked to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change in the Constitution. Women’s rights pioneers used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, hunger strikes, and picketing to get there points across and Congress to pass a women suffrage amendment. (Reforming Their World, 2007)
The 19th amendment of 1920 is a very important amendment to the constitution because it gave women the right to vote. You may remember that the 15th amendment made it illegal for the federal and state government to deny any US citizen the right to vote, however, this did not apply to women. The 19th amendment changed this making it illegal for any citizen, regardless of gender, to be denied the right to vote. As time progressed there were other amendments made, and in 1923 the Equal Rights amendment written by Alice Paul is first presented to Congress. Then in 1945, millions of women lose their jobs when servicemen return from World War II, although surveys showed that 80 percent of them wanted to continue working. (The Post and Courier, 2009) As you can see, women began fighting for equal rights in the early 1920’s.
This now brings me to 1960, when the Food and Drug Administration approves the birth control pill. This is a huge accomplishment that I must say first began in 1848 when five women organize a two-day convention in Seneca Falls, N.Y., to discuss women's rights. This is when the women's rights movement began. Remember that in 1916, Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in Brooklyn and was arrested within 10 days. She fought for women to have the rights to be able to control their own bodies and did not get legal support until 1923. (Skirble, 2010)
We now move on to 1963, when Congress passes the Equal Pay Act, promising equitable wages for the same work regardless of sex, race, religion
References: (2007). Reforming Their World: Women in the Progressive Era. Retrieved January 15, 2013, from http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/suffrage.html Skirble, R. (2010) Voice of America. Birth Control Pill Sparked Contraceptive Revolution. Retrieved January 15, 2013, from http://www.voanews.com/content/birth-control-pill-sparked-contraceptive-revolution-93572679/161909.html (2011). eSorrtment Your Choice for Knowledge. The Equal Pay Act of 1963. Retrieved on January 15, 2013, from http://www.essortment.com/equal-pay-act-1963-34970.html (2013). Finding Dulcinea Librarian of the Internet. Retrieved January 15, 2013, from http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--19th-Amendment-Gives-Women-Right-to-Vote.html (2009). The Post and Courier. The women 's rights movement: A timeline of significant events. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.postandcourier.com/article/20090306/PC1208/303069957 (2013). Encyclopedia.com. Pregnancy Discrimination Act 1978. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Pregnancy_Discrimination_Act_of_1978.aspx