Leadership can be defined as a process by which one individual influences others toward the attainment of group or organizational goals. According to Harold Koontz and Heinz Weihrich, “Leadership is the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically so towards the achievement of group goals.”
Leadership as a concept has been widely and extensively discussed by various experts, professors and authors. All these researches and discussions have given rise to various Leadership Theories. A review of the leadership literature reveal has given rise to various theories like “The Charismatic Theory”, “The Trait Theory”, “The Behavioural Theory”. . A basic introduction of the various theories is been given in the table below. Leadership Theory
Time of Introduction
1920s and 1970s and 1980s
Effective leaders inspire subordinates to commit themselves to goals by communicating a vision, displaying charismatic behaviour, and setting a powerful personal example. Trait Theories
Individual characteristics of leaders are different than those of non leaders. Behavioural Theories
1940s and 1950s
The behaviours of effective leaders are different than the behaviours of ineffective leaders. Two major classes of leader behaviour are task-oriented behaviour and relationship-oriented behaviour.
SOURCE OF THE TABLE - http://www.enotes.com/management-encyclopedia/leadership-theories-studies
CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP THEORY
Charismatic leadership is leadership based on the leader's ability to communicate and behave in ways that reach followers on a basic, emotional way, to inspire and motivate. This theory deals with the charismatic ability of the leader. This theory believes that a leader has some kind of charisma which acts as the influencer According to this theory ‘A Leader is born and is not made’. This theory is also called the “Great Man Theory”. The origin of the theory can be...
1. NCERT, Business Studies Part I, Principles And Functions Of Management, Publication Department by the Secretary, NCERT, New Delhi, First Edn. 2007, Reprinted 2009.
2. L.M Prasad, Principles and Practices of Management, Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi, first edn. 1979, seventh edn. 2007, Reprint 2010.
3. James A.F. Stoner, R. Edward Freeman, Daniel R.Gilbert, JR., MANAGEMENT, Pearson Education, Inc. And Dorling Kindersley Publishing Inc., New Delhi, First Impression 2007, Seventh Impression 2009.
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