The World Is Better Living in the Modern Age Than in the Agrarian Age

Topics: Modern history, Early modern period, Age of Discovery Pages: 9 (2592 words) Published: November 5, 2008

Firstly, Age is the period of time whereby technological events or successes help achieve the progress or decline of a civilization or the world. These ages of time are like the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age or like the Agrarian age and Modern Age where technology or societies depended on the method of technology they achieved during their periods.

Technology is closely associated with innovation, the transformation of ideas into new and products or processes. Innovation requires not only creative people and organization, but also the availability of technology, science and engineering talent.

Before delving into the argument, firstly what are the terms in the topic all about? The knowledge of the meaning of the agrarian age and the modern age is the fundamental requirement needed to understand which is much preferred.

Agrarian according to the Cambridge Dictionary is defined as the ‘term related to the land, especially farms, and its ownership, or (of a country) dependent on farming rather than industry’. While it’s philosophical term agrarianism is a social and political philosophy which stresses the viewpoint that the cultivation of plants, or farming leads to a fuller and happier life.

The term Modern Age is used by historians to loosely describe the period of time immediately following what is known as the Early Modern TimesThe Early Modern Times lasted from the end of the 15th century to the end of the 18th century. Modern Times are the period from Enlightenment and the 18th century until today; the term "Late Modern" is not being used in English, albeit in other languages. The history of this time is the Modern history. Modernity, based on Modernism, explores the changes of society due to the industrial age. The modern age began with the advent of the industrial age or revolution. This is sometimes referred to as Period of Rapid Change.

A society can be derived as a system of organized communities co-habiting a fixed environment and sharing the resources of the environment and contributing to its sustenance. Thus, though agrarian and modern ages are different, both help in the development in a society by their different means.

This report shows the history, progress, characteristics and significances of the Modern age to the society as compared to the Agrarian age after much discussion on both as described in Chapter Two and thus my conclusion in Chapter Three.

Thus the aim and objective of this report is to show that the Modern age is better living than in during the Agrarian age.


2.1The Agrarian Age
Early food gatherers and hunters devised a full range of tools directed towards their foraging, hunting and finding. These tools have been classified as crushers, pierces and entanglers. Full use of the fire, which had been discovered in the early Stone Age, was of added advantage in the early societies. One indication of the start of human society, i.e. the development of settled communities, rests upon the discovery of the skillful innovation – Agriculture.

2.1.1The Philosophy of Agrarianism
In his introduction to his 1969 book Agrarianism in American Literature, M. Thomas Inge defines agrarianism by the following basic tenets: Cultivation of the soil provides direct contact with nature; through the contact with nature the agrarian is blessed with a closer relationship to God. Farming has within it a positive spiritual good; the farmer acquires the virtues of "honor, manliness, self-reliance, courage, moral integrity, and hospitality" and follows the example of God when creating order out of chaos. The farmer "has a sense of identity, a sense of historical and religious tradition, a feeling of belonging to a concrete family, place, and region, which are psychologically and culturally beneficial." The harmony of this life checks...

References: 1. Encyclopedia Britannica
4. Schulze, Introduction to Modern History, Stuttgart 2002
5. Engr. Utong, U.J: Handout of Engineer in Society I. Pg 3-5
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