United States History- 8th
14 May 2011
Struggles with North Korea
The United States has had many problems regarding North Korea both, during the cold war and post-cold war. They have been the longest standing adversary to the United States, and are the victims of countless U.S sanctions and diplomatic agreements. The first problems with North Korea start post world war two when the Korean Peninsula was split in two. The Soviet Union, arch enemy of the United States, was stationed in the North. This lead to the current political affiliations North Korea has today. While the Soviets influenced communism in the North, the United States set up a capitalistic style government in the South. Having two arch enemies station so close lead to confrontation, and eventually the Korean War. This was the first glimpse of the cold war. For the Rest of the cold war Korea is quite, but post cold war their true identity is shown. One of the main problems regarding North Korea Post cold war is there nuclear program. Such scares as the 1998 testing of their Nuclear power by launching a missile that flew right over Japan. This directly went against the Agreed Framework. The Agreed framework was set up at a meeting between Jimmy Carter and Kim IL Sung. This Meeting was the first attempt to bring normalization to the two countries. While it worked in simmering down both sides before another war broke out, it failed to create a normalized relationship. The Six party talks were another attempt at both reducing the nuclear program of North Korea and normalizing the relationship of North Korea and the United States. These were the first negotiations to include other world super powers such as China, South Korea, Russia, and Japan. These were all countries that could help the North Koreans and Americans to normalize. Currently the Obama administration is making progressive strides and is in progress to do what the last three decades of presidents have failed to do, start a normal relationship with North Korea. All of these attempts show sides of the United States that not many countries bring out and they are fear, the feeling of pressure to do something, and appeasement. In the early 1990’s North Korea was greatly increasing its nuclear program this put pressure on the United States, so much so that President carter was on the brink of bombing sites in North Korea that were suspected of producing the Weapons of mass destruction. The President had a meeting with Kim IL Sung former leader of North Korea, and maintained not to reach war and backed away from such actions. Instead they create the Agreed Framework. This is an agreement that has many parts to it. The main focus was to stop North Korea’s Nuclear power plants. This was in exchange for large sums of oil from the United States and an alternate power source known as light water reactors. Both sides agreed to take further steps to regain full normalization, North Korea would have to stay In the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and North Korea and the United States will work to make peace on the Korean Peninsula (Galluci and Sok Ju). This is showing the United States willingness to agree to terms. Appeasement is the best fit word to describe the United States diplomatic relationship with North Korea at this time. The agreement was largely frowned upon by republicans at the time due to this reason; their thought was that these agreements made the United States look weak and was letting North Korea get the best of them. The United States at the time was seeing the potential of North Korea’s nuclear projects and out of fear was pressured to attempt to reduce their nuclear power, the only way to do that was to agree to North Korea’s terms and hope that both sides pulled up their end of the agreement. The Agreed Framework succeeded in stopping a future war but, both sides were still not taking up all the agreements stated. The United States accused North...
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