The Unfinished Nation Ch 16

Topics: White people, White / Pages: 8 (1873 words) / Published: Oct 24th, 2012
Chapter 16: The Conquest of The Far West

Thesis:By the mid 1840’s migration was heading west. There was more opportunity, and known as the “frontier”. It was an empty land awaiting settlement and civilization; a place of wealth, adventure, opportunity, and untrammeled individualism

Essential statement: developments in technology, agriculture, and commerce precipitates profound changes in U.S. settlement patterns, regional identities, gender and family relations, political power, and distribution consumer goods

The Societies of the West: most arid territory contained wettest, lushest flat plains/ high mountains many people

The Western Tribes:
Indians- most important western population before white migration most indigineous some forced west of mississippi pattern of civilization developed
300,000 indians lived on pacific coast before arrival of spanish settlers support through fishing, foraging, simple agriculture
Peublo’s in south west established permanent settlement
**plains indians** made up of many tribes/ languages farmers less vs.buffalo hunter horse bison/ beffalo provided economy flesh- food; skin- materials, used all parts plains warriors whites biggest foes mid 19th c sioux, arapaho, cheyene, -powerful alliance greatest “tribe” ecological- economic decline vulnerable to disease
**indian disadvantages**
1840’s- long term battle; fall economically and industry

Hispanic New Mexico:
1840’s U.S acquired mexican residents farming/ trading 17th C more recent- cattle/ sheep ranching anglo americans established territory ignoring the 50,000 hipanics worried land would be confiscated
1847 taos indians rebelled killed new gov/ anglo american officials subdues by US army
US organized gov in 1850
US broke power of tibes led to hispanic migration
1880’s-90’s railroads new economic activity nre mexican immigration looking for work got lowest paying least stable jobs

Hispanic California and Texas:
spanish

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