The Scotch Whiskey

Topics: Scotch whisky, Whisky, Malt Pages: 17 (6269 words) Published: January 13, 2011
Project Made By:
Vijay Soren
VijaySingh Kaintura
Vipin Mishra
Vikram Shenoy

Scotch whisky is whisky made in Scotland. In Britain, the term whisky is usually taken to mean Scotch unless otherwise specified. In other English-speaking countries, it is often referred to as "Scotch". -------------------------------------------------

Excellent whiskies are made by similar methods in Japan, but they cannot be called Scotches. -------------------------------------------------
The only type of whisky which may be produced in Scotland is Scotch Whisky, as under the Scotch Whisky Act of 1988, Regulation 5 which also stipulates that the only whisky which may be manufactured in Scotland is Scotch Whisky. History:

The first written mention of Scotch whisky is in the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, 1495. A Friar named John Cor was the distiller. Whisky has been produced in Scotland for hundreds of years. The Gaelic "usquebaugh", meaning "Water of Life", phonetically became "usky" and then "whisky" in English No one exactly knows when the art of distilling was first practised in Scotland; it is known that the Ancient Celts practised distilling which it has been said, and that the liquid they produced — known in ancient Gaelic as uisge beatha ("water of life") — evolved into Scotch Whisky. By the 11th century distillation first occurred in Scotland in the early Christian monastic sites. The primitive equipment used at the time and the lack of scientific expertise meant that the spirit produced in those days was probably potent, and occasionally even harmful. During the course of the 15th century, along with better still design, the dissolution of the monasteries took place which lead to the improvement of the Scotch whisky. Many of the monks, driven from their sanctuaries, had no choice but to put their distilling skills to use. The knowledge of distilling then quickly spread to others. The increasing popularity eventually attracted the attention of the Scottish parliament, which introduced the first taxes on malt and the end product in the latter part of the 17th century. Ever increasing rates of taxation were applied following The Act of Union with England in 1707, when England set out to tame the rebellious clans of Scotland. The distillers were driven underground. In 1644, the first taxes were imposed on whisky causing a rise in illicit whisky distilling in the country. Around 1780, there were about 8 legal distilleries and 400 illegal ones

Two major events helped the increase of whisky's popularity: -------------------------------------------------
A new production process was introduced in 1831 called Coffey or Patent Still (see in section below); the whisky produced with this process was less intense and smoother. -------------------------------------------------

The Phylloxera bug destroyed wine and cognac production in France in 1880. Smuggling became standard practice for some 150 years and there was no moral stigma attached to it. Ministers of the Kirk made storage space available under the pulpit, and the illicit spirit was, on occasion, transported by coffin - any effective means was used to escape the watchful eyes of the Excise men. Clandestine stills were cleverly organised and hidden in nooks and crannies of the heather-clad hills, and smugglers organised signalling systems from one hilltop to another whenever excise officers were seen to arrive in the vicinity. By the 1820s, despite the fact that as many as 14,000 illicit stills were being confiscated every year, more than half the whisky consumed in Scotland was being swallowed painlessly and with pleasure, without contributing a penny in duty. This flouting of the law eventually prompted the Duke of Gordon, on whose extensive acres some of the finest illicit whisky...
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