The Role of the Mentor in Paramedical Education

Topics: Nursing, Nurse, Master of Science in Nursing Pages: 11 (2998 words) Published: October 22, 2008
Introduction1

Defining Mentorship3

Classical Mentorship4

Modern Mentorship – Mentors as Assessors8

Conclusion10

Reference11

The Role Of The Mentor

Introduction

Mentor, mentoring and mentorship are terms that have received increasing attention in health related circles over the last thirty years. In the ten years between 1978 and 1988 the number of references in the ‘ERIC’ database, which included ‘mentor’ as a keyword, increased from 10 to 95, Jacobi (1991). The literature of the following twenty years has continued this growth at a phenomenal rate, and to date there are over 2850 entries.

The term ‘mentor’ is however not a recent phenomenon, and has its roots in Greek mythology. Legend has it that Homer entrusted the guidance and teaching of his son, Telemachus, to his closest friend ‘Mentor’, Fields (1991). In more recent times, the eminent French writer Francois Fenelon used a man named ‘Mentor’ as the lead character in his book "Les Aventures de Telemaque", which was published in 1699, Roberts (1999). Following the publication of Fenelon’s ‘Les Aventures de Telemaque’, the term ‘mentor’ took the meaning of an older, wiser and more experienced person who takes the responsibility for a younger, more inexperienced persons learning and development, Andrews (1999).

Historically, the Ambulance Service has had little affiliation with Higher Education, and as such there has been little motivation to develop staff to become ‘mentors’. Training and competency assessments were generally carried out by Institute of Health Care Development (IHCD) accredited Instructors, and trainee’s learnt their ‘trade’ in a vocational setting, under the guidance of State Registered Paramedics. This model has previously been described as an ‘apprenticeship’, and has been the recipient of much criticism, due to it’s limitations in the preparation of practitioners, Kilcullen (2007).

Ambulance services across the country are increasingly aware of the need to evaluate their educational provision (Cooper 2005), and of the importance of involving higher education institutes in the preparation of Paramedics, British Paramedic Association (2006).

To facilitate the learning of Student Paramedics in practice the authors Trust is developing a cohort of experienced practitioners, referred to as mentors’. This assignment looks at the scope of mentoring, and draws on published literature to define the roles of the mentor in clinical practice. The paucity of research surrounding clinical Paramedic mentoring means that most literature used is sourced from publications primarily aimed at the nursing profession. However logic dictates that in the same way as nursing has long used theories from other disciplines (DeLaune and Ladner, 2002), paramedicine can draw upon research produced by the nursing profession.

Defining Mentorship
Almost every publication on mentoring begins with a review of the literature demonstrating there is little consensus on the meaning or characteristics of the term, Yonge et al, (2007). The eclectic mix of processes which all seem to occur under the broad umbrella term of ‘mentoring’ creates problems in defining exactly what the role entails. The general literature on mentoring is vast, and there are many definitions from which to draw, Madison et al, (1994).

For the purpose of this assignment, deliberating the actual definition of the term ‘mentor’ is probably more a matter of semantics. Contrary to Oliver and Aggleton (2002, p32), who state that “defining [mentorship] would appear to be of paramount importance…” this assignment will simply subscribe to the hypothesis that

“… the mentoring role is defined according to the individual understanding, and is not necessarily based on any of the
original concepts of the term.” Bidwell and Brasler (1989, p23).

The authors Trust has...

References: Andrews M and Wallis M (1999). Mentorship in Nursing. A Literature Review. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 29 201 - 207
Barker E.R (2006)
Bennet C (2003). How to be a good mentor. Nursing Standard. 17(36): 1-14.
Bidwell AS and Brasler ML (1989). Role Modelling versus mentoring in nursing education. Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship 21(1). 23-25
Boydell D (1994)
British Paramedic Association (2006). A Curriculum Framework for Paramedic Education http://www.britishparamedic.org/downloads/Published_
version_1_02_2006.pdf

Cooper S (2005) Contemporary UK paramedical training and education
Chambers M (1998). Some issues in the assessment of clinical practice: a review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Nursing 7; 3 201-208
Darling L.A.W (1984)
DeLaune S and Ladner P (2002). Fundamentals of Nursing. Standards & Practice. Thomson Delmar Learning. New York.
Earnshaw G (1995). Mentorship: The Students Views. Nurse Education Today. 15, 274 - 279
Elzubier S and Sherman M (1995)
Fields W L. (1991). Mentoring in Nursing: A historical approach. Nursing Outlook, 39, 257-261.
Girard N (2006). Editorial. “Like it or not, you are a roll model”. AORN Journal. Vol 84, no 1
Gray M and Smith L (2000)
Health Professions Council (HPC) (2004) Standards of conduct, performance and ethics. http://www.hpc-uk.org/assets/documents/10000290HPC034HPCA5_Standards_of_conduct_performance_and_ethics.pdf [Last Accessed 27/04/08]
Hunt D, Michael C (1983)
Jacobi M (1991). Mentoring and undergraduate success. A literature review. Review of Educational Research. 61, p505-532
Jackson D and Mannix J (2001)
Jowett S, Walton I, and Payne S (1994). Challenges and Change in Nurse Education - a study of the implementation of project 2000. National Foundation for Educational Research in England and Wales, Slough, Berkshire
Kilcullen N (2007)
Levinson DJ, Darrow CN, Klein EB, Levinson MH, McKee B (1978). The Seasons of a Mans Life. AA Knopf, New York.
Madison J, Watson K, Knight BA, (1994). Mentors and Preceptors in the Nursing Profession. Contemporary Nurse. 3(3): 121 – 126.
May K, Meleis A, Winstead Fry P. (1982). Mentorship for scholarliness. Opportunities and dilemmas. Nursing Outlook. Jan 22 -28
Maynard T and Furlong J (1995)
Morton-Cooper A, Palmer A (2000). Mentorship, Preceptorship, and Clinical Supervision. Blackwell Science. Oxford.
Neary M (1997)
Northcott N (2000) Mentorship in Nursing. Nurse Manager. 7(3) 30-32
Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) (2004)
Oliver C and Aggleton P (2002). Mentoring for professional development in health promotion: a review of issues raised by recent research. Health Education. Vol 102, Number 1. p30 – 38.
Pellat G. (2006). The role of Mentors in supporting pre registration nursing students. British Journal of Nursing. Vol 15; no.6
Phillips R.M, Davies W.B, and Neary M
Roberts, Andy. (1999) "The origins of the term mentor.", History of Education Society Bulletin, no 64, Nov 1999, p313-329
Watson N (1999)
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • role of education in standard of living Essay
  • The Role of Critical Thinking in Education Essay
  • Education and Mentor Essay
  • The role of Mentor and its impact on nursing Essay
  • Essay on The role of the Midwife Mentor
  • Education Assistant's Role in Education Research Paper
  • education Essay
  • The Role of a Teacher as a Mentor to an Adolesent Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free