The psychological aspects of counseling
Counseling means professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes.
Support process in which a counselor holds face to face talks with another person to help him or her solve a personal problem, or help improve that person's attitude, behaviour, or character.
Counseling Psychology is a field of psychology that focuses on everyday stress-related problems, rather than dealing with issues of mental illness. These problems typically involve average individuals, who are coping with issues that are related to personal interactions, relationships, and occupational stress. Counseling Psychologists work to establish a client's goals and counseling objectives, in order to employ the appropriate counseling methods to produce the desired effect. Though Counseling Psychology initially, and often primarily, uses a conversation-based method of stress and behavior management, there are a variety of methods that may be used to achieve counseling goals.
Counseling is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health. Some unifying themes among counseling psychologists include a focus on assets and strengths, person–environment interactions, educational and career development, brief interactions, and a focus on intact personalities. In the United States, the premier scholarly journals of the profession are the Journal of Counseling Psychology and The Counseling Psychologist.
In the US, counseling psychology, like many modern psychology specialities, started as a result of World War II. During the war, the U.S. military had a strong need for vocational placement and training. In the 1940s and 1950s the Veterans