The Problem of Poverty

Topics: Poverty, Poverty threshold, Rerum Novarum Pages: 2 (639 words) Published: April 27, 2013
"Poverty is like heat; you cannot see it; so to know poverty you have to go through it." Adaboya, Ghana

Poverty is a relative perception used to describe the people in a society that cannot afford the essentials that others take for granted. And whilst many Australians deal with payments of bills, people living in poverty have to make intricate choices, such as skipping a meal to pay for their child’s clothing, text books ECT. People living in poverty not only have low levels of income; they also miss out on opportunities and resources that most take for granted, such as sufficient health and dental care, housing, education, employment opportunities, food and recreational activities. Around the world, in rich or poor nations, poverty has always been present. In most nations today, the gap between the rich and the poor is quite high and often widening. The causes for poverty are numerous, including lack of individual responsibility, bad government policy, bad development by people and businesses with power and influence, or some combination of these and other causes. High levels of this inequality may also affect social structure and lead to problems such as increasing crime and violence. However, inequality is just a measure of relative poverty. Absolute poverty, however, is also a concern. World figures for world poverty reveal a higher number of people live in poverty than previously thought. For example, absolute poverty is defined as living on the equivalent of $1.25 a day. 1.4 billion people today are living on this.

Furthermore, over three billion people live on less than $2.50 a day and at least 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day. As a result of poverty, Around 21,000 children die every day around the world, because they don’t have access to clean water, food or adequate health care. That is equivalent to: 1 child dying every 4 seconds, 14 children dying every minute, just under 7.6 million children dying every year and 92 million...
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