The Positive and Negative Effects of the One-Child Policy

Topics: Demography, Fertility, World population Pages: 1 (288 words) Published: October 14, 2012
The Positive and Negative Effects of Only-Child Policy
Only-Child policy, aimed at addressing overpopulation, was promoted in 1970s. After 25 years, this policy does have lots of positive effects. At the same time, however, it also causes lots of problems. Since each family only has one child, parents spoil their child, which makes the child fell like the king of the world. In the family, the child doesn’t need to do anything and he can get everything he wants. However, meanwhile, the child faces more pressures from his parents. Take my younger sister for example. She has been told that you don’t need to do any housework and you just need to focus on your study. From Monday to Friday, she is banned watching TV and playing with her friends afterschool. Besides, she has to have piano class and other improving classes at weekend. As for the positive effects, the most obvious effect is that it controls the growth population efficiently. It is reported that it had three to four hundred million fewer people in 2008 with the one-child policy according to the Chinese authority saying, after the introduction of the one-child policy, the fertility rate in China fall from over three births per woman in 1980 to approximately 1.54 in 2011. Moreover, the reduction in the fertility rate and population growth has reduced the severity of problems that come with overpopulation, like overwhelmed social services ,such as health, education, law enforcement, and strain on the ecosystem from abuse of fertile land and production of high volumes of waste. Leaf always has two sides, so does the One-Child Policy. I believe that the policy will become more perfect in the future.
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