The Natural Spiritualism in Javanese Cultural Religion
As Seen in Story, "the Queen in Southern Sea", Nyi Roro Kidul
Since religion is the philosophy which attempts to understand the concepts involved in religious belief, the religious believers have to give they report such as experiences as those of being in the presence of God, or as being able to realize a timeless and eternal divine order in the universe (it made clear the concept of the religion). In contrast to what happened to the Javanese people who still believe in what they called natural phenomenon that influenced the spiritualism. They showed that there are still many cultural things that they believe as a God or they consider as the dependence that they believe and trust in their life. Nyi or Nyai Roro Kidul is one of the natural phenomena that have become the spiritual phenomena that happened to the Javanese people, especially for those who live in the Southern Sea of Java like in Yogyakarta. From this concept of belief, it can be considered that the Javanese people admit the concept of deism. Deism, a rationalist religious philosophy flourished in the 17th and 18th centuries, particularly in England. Generally, Deists held that a certain kind of religious knowledge (sometimes called natural religion) is either inherent in each person or accessible through the exercise of reason, but they denied the validity of religious claims based on revelation or on the specific teachings of any church. Deism can be similar to naturalism, where the concept of belief is still influenced by natural things. Therefore, Deism will often give praise to the formation of life and universe to a higher power that by designing allows only natural processes to control creation. The decision to choose this topic is to present the issues of the natural spiritualism that develop behind the cultural belief that happen in Javanese belief of cultural phenomena Nyi or Nyai Roro Kidul. In addition, the mystery of several things that influence people to believe this cultural belief becomes the important part that will be explained.
As the main reason to be discussed, deism can be found in Javanese people life becomes the problem or the focused topic. The concept of Deism covers a wide variety of positions on a wide variety of religious issues. Deism can also refer to a personal set of beliefs having to do with the role of nature in spirituality. This paper will mostly discuss about the natural spirituality behind the belief towards Nyi/ Nyai Roro Kidul for Javanese people. Even though they believe in God (in this case they have their own religions who believe in God) but they still do the spiritual activities that symbolize the natural spiritualism in their daily life. This kind of activities absolutely shows the cultural religion that represents the belief towards the Nyi/Nyai Roro Kidul existence.
The natural spiritualism can be found here is the representative part of the natural belief form that called as the religious belief. In Javanese belief, they know that they believe in God as the creator, but there are still most of them who still do the rituals that directly show about the natural thing that they believe. The natural thing becomes the spiritual phenomena which comes in their daily life influenced they life and caused they believe in these result of rituals. The result of the rituals can be mentioned as cultural religion. The author tries to present the issue of natural spiritualism in Javanese belief towards Nyai/Nyi Roro Kidul to delivery the message that caused the appearing of new term, which is cultural religion. In this cultural religion who closely related to the term Deism, the author wants to show the phenomena that happen in Javanese people from years ago up to present.
Nyi Roro Kidul is a Javanese Goddess
Nyi Roro Kidul or Nyai Loro Kidul or Ratu Laut Selatan ("Queen of the South," also known as...
References: 1. Fatubun, R. 2008. Understanding Philosophy of Science (compilation). Jayapura: Graduate Program, Cenderawasih University
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