The marketing mix in marketing strategy: Product, Price, Place and Promotion
The marketing mix is the set of controllable, tactical marketing tools that a company uses to produce a desired response from its target market. It consists of everything that a company can do to influence demand for its product. It is also a tool to help marketing planning and execution. The four Ps of marketing: product, price, place and promotion.
The marketing mix can be divided into four groups of variables commonly known as the four Ps:
Product: The goods and/or services offered by a company to its customers. Price: The amount of money paid by customers to purchase the product. Place (or distribution): The activities that make the product available to consumers. Promotion: The activities that communicate the product’s features and benefits and persuade customers to purchase the product.
Each of the four Ps has its own tools to contribute to the marketing mix: Product: variety, quality, design, features, brand name, packaging, services Price: list price, discounts, allowance, payment period, credit terms Place: channels, coverage, assortments, locations, inventory, transportation, logistics Promotion: advertising, personal selling, sales promotion, public relations
An effective marketing strategy combines the 4 Ps of the marketing mix. It is designed to meet the company’s marketing objectives by providing its customers with value. The 4 Ps of the marketing mix are related, and combine to establish the product’s position within its target markets.
Weaknesses of the marketing mix
The four Ps of the marketing mix have a number of weaknesses in that they omit or underemphasize some important marketing activities. For example, services are not explicitly mentioned, although they can be categorized as products (that is, service products). As well, other important marketing activities (such as packaging) are not specifically...
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