The Great Compromise: The 3/5ths Compromise, and Tax
The Great Compromise, the 3/5ths Compromise, and The Bill Of Rights justify that the making of the Constitution was a "bundle of compromises".
The Great Compromise is the Constitutional Convention's agreement to establish a two-house national legislature, with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other house. To satisfy the smaller states, each state would have an equal number of votes in the Senate. To satisfy the larger states, the committee set representation in the House of Representatives according to state populations. The Virginia Plan is a plan that proposed a government with three branches and a two-house legislature in which representation would be based on a state's population or wealth. The first branch as the legislature, which made the laws. The second branch was the executive, which enforced the laws. The third branch was the judiciary, which interpreted the laws. The New Jersey Plan is a plan of government that called for a one-house legislature in which each state received one vote. In providing equal representation to each state, the New Jersey Plan was similar to the Articles of Confederation.
The 3/5ths Compromise is the Constitutional Convention's agreement to count 3/5ths of a state's slave population for representation and taxation. The southern states had many more slaves than the northern states. The southerners wanted the slaves to be counted as part of the general population for representation but not for taxation. The northerners argued that slaves should not be counted for representation but should be counted for taxation.
At the same time that seven of the states ratified the Constitution, they asked that it be amended to include the Bill Of Rights. The Bill Of Rights is the first ten amendments to the US Constitution and consists of a formal list of citizens' rights and freedoms....
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